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Choi, Ji Young; Horm, Diane; Jeon, Shinyoung; Ryu, Dahyung – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: This study examined whether children's outcomes at age 3 were predicted by their experiences in Early Head Start (EHS), focusing on 2 key features of infant and toddler care: (a) stability of care and (b) teacher--child interactions. This study further explored potential interaction effects between stability of care and…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Preschool Children, Preschool Teachers
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Kohl, Katharina; Willard, Jessica A.; Agache, Alexandru; Bihler, Lilly-Marlen; Leyendecker, Birgit – AERA Open, 2019
We examined independent and interactive links among three central characteristics of children's experiences in early childhood education and care and the German receptive vocabulary of single language learners and dual language learners (DLLs). We allowed for possible differential effects depending on children's language background. Our sample…
Descriptors: German, Vocabulary Development, Early Childhood Education, Child Care
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Guler Yildiz, Tulin; Gonen, Mubeccel; Ulker Erdem, Ayca; Garcia, Aileen; Raikes, Helen; Acar, Ibrahim H.; Burcak, Firdevs; Turan, Figen; Can Gul, Sadiye; Davis, Dawn – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study examined the relations between receptive language development and other developmental domains of preschoolers from low-income families, through an inter-cultural perspective involving the United States and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their caregivers participated in Turkey, while 287 participated in the United States. Children's…
Descriptors: Correlation, Receptive Language, Preschool Children, Low Income
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Bosma, Evelyn; Blom, Elma; Hoekstra, Eric; Versloot, Arjen – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2019
This longitudinal study investigated to what extent the acquisition of cognates among bilingual children depends on the degree of cross-language similarity and intensity of exposure to the tested language, and whether children's sensitivity to cognates with different degrees of cross-language similarity changes over time. For three consecutive…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Indo European Languages, Contrastive Linguistics, Second Language Learning
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McVeigh, Claire; Wylie, Judith; Mulhern, Gerry – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2019
Working memory (WM) is a recognised component of executive function and has undergone scrutiny in terms of bilingual and monolingual performance comparisons. Research to date, however, has not consistently replicated the presence of bilingual advantage. The present study examined short-term (STM) and WM in immersion-educated children and a matched…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Verbal Ability, Bilingualism, Task Analysis
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Giusto, Michelle; Ehri, Linnea C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This experiment examined whether a partial read-aloud accommodation with pacing (PRAP) would improve the reading comprehension of poor decoders but not average decoders compared to standard testing procedures. Participants were 82 third graders with at least average listening comprehension skills: 28 were poor decoders, and 54 were average…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Tests, Testing Accommodations
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Greenfield, Daryl B. – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2019
Currently, the most widely used direct assessment of motivation orientation for preschoolers has little to no research on its reliability and validity. This study examined the test-retest reliability and concurrent and predictive validity of this direct assessment. Results highlight potential limitations of this measure in capturing motivation…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, School Readiness
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Mastrantuono, Eliana; Saldaña, David; Rodríguez-Ortiz, Isabel R. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
We tested the capability of deaf adolescents, including a group of users of cochlear implants, to generate inferences during spoken language comprehension and whether they benefited from the use of sign-supported speech (SSS). Stimuli consisted of 24 short video-recorded texts in spoken language and in SSS. Participants responded to literal and…
Descriptors: Deafness, Adolescents, Assistive Technology, Hearing Impairments
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Segal, Aviva; Martin-Chang, Sandra – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: Although a large body of research has investigated teachers' reading-related knowledge and associated pedagogical practices, comparatively little is known about these factors in parents. Therefore, the present study examined the association between parental reading-related knowledge and feedback during child-to-parent reading. Methods:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Wasik, Barbara A.; Bradley, Donald E. – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: This study examined how teacher--child conversations unfold during shared book reading in Head Start classrooms as well as the relations between that talk and children's vocabulary learning. Book reading experiences in 27 Head Start classrooms were videotaped and coded for teacher talk, child responses, teacher follow-up…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Books, Vocabulary Skills, Classroom Communication
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Son, Seung-Hee Claire; Choi, Ji Young; Kwon, Kyong-Ah – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: The present study examined patterns of longitudinal associations between inhibitory control (IC) and early academic skills during the preschool and kindergarten years. Using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey Cohort 2009 (FACES 2009) (N = 939), a national data set of predominantly low-income children…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Inhibition, Academic Ability, Preschool Children
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Shapiro, Anna; Weiland, Christina – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2019
There are unique challenges to estimating causal effects of preschool for students with special needs that have not received attention in the literature. We revisit the Head Start Impact Study (HSIS) to illustrate that when and how special needs is defined has implications for the internal validity of and interpretation of special needs subgroup…
Descriptors: Definitions, Special Education, Preschools, Preschool Children
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Korat, Ofra; Shneor, Daphna – First Language, 2019
This study examines whether an e-book with a dictionary could support parents' mediation of new words during shared book reading, more than the child's independent reading of an e-book with and without a dictionary. The participants included 128 kindergartners and 64 mothers who were randomly divided into four groups: independent reading of the…
Descriptors: Electronic Publishing, Low Income Groups, Books, Dictionaries
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Patricia Pelletier, Janette; Corter, James E. – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In 2010, the province of Ontario introduced a new universal two-year play-based full-day kindergarten program. The authors exploited the phasing-in of this program over five years, allowing a natural experiment in which children from full-day kindergarten could be compared with those from half-day kindergarten in matched neighborhoods. Children (N…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, School Schedules, Play
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Russell, Jeannette; Drake Shiffler, Molly – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Researchers consistently find a correlation between low literacy levels and high school dropout rates, expulsion, reading achievement, and failing grades for African American males. Low literacy achievement in African American males may result from multiple factors, including dialectic linguistic differences and/or phonological awareness…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Reading Achievement, Intervention, Phonology
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