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Wise, Arthur E.; Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1982
Proponents argue that the competition inherent in publicly funded tuition voucher programs will increase school quality and family choice, but voucher systems would be subject to the same forces that shape public schools. The efficiency and effectiveness of voucher plans must be assessed in light of those educational goals important to the…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Finance, Educational Objectives, Educational Quality
Darling-Hammond, Linda – American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers, 1984
Observes the increasing use of class test scores for rating teachers and reviews arguments against this practice. Cites research pointing to a variety of influences on standardized test scores other than teacher performance. Concludes that teacher evaluation must incorporate a variety of measures. (KH)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Performance Factors
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Wise, Arthur E.; Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Theory, 1984
This article evaluates the educational voucher system and how it may solve effectiveness and efficiency problems of the educational system through market accountability. Educational goals and state and community roles in reaching these goals are discussed. Comments by Richard J. Murnane and Edwin G. West are given. (DF)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education
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Wise, Arthur W.; Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Researcher, 1983
Examines the assumptions that educational vouchers will mean less state control over education, more choice for parents, and education that serves the child's best interest. The assertion that a voucher system will lead to more efficient and effective schools is examined in the light of five educational goals. (CMG)
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Educational Quality, Educational Vouchers, Efficiency
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Darling-Hammond, Linda; Wise, Arthur E. – Educational Leadership, 1983
Research findings suggest that methods used to improve teaching are as important as the goals. Solutions sought should be those that professionalize the practice of teaching and make education sufficiently attractive to recruit and retain talented people as teachers. (MLF)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Improvement, Master Teachers, Merit Pay
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Darling-Hammond, Linda; And Others – Review of Educational Research, 1983
This article presents a conceptual framework for examining the design and implementation of teacher evaluation processes in school organizations. Research on teaching, organizational behavior, and policy implementation suggests that different educational and organizational theories underlie various teacher evaluation models. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Needs, Organizational Climate
Watson, Bernard C.; Darling-Hammond, Linda – Cross Reference: A Journal of Public Policy and Multicultural Education, 1978
Research focused on the number and kind of assaults and criminal incidents; the extent and costs of vandalism; the number and type of security personnel and equipment; the incidence and causes of suspensions and expulsions; alternatives to suspensions and expulsions employed; and local perceptions of remedies for these problems. (Author/EB)
Descriptors: Delinquency, Discipline Policy, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
Darling-Hammond, Linda – School Administrator, 1998
The negative effects of grade retention should not become an argument for social promotion. Four complementary alternative strategies include enhancing professional development for teachers, employing redesigned school structures (like multiage grouping) that support more intensive learning, providing targeted supports and services when needed,…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Delivery Systems, Elementary Education, Grade Repetition
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Principal, 1998
Projects a "typical" future teacher's career path, based on current teacher-education developments. She will be a highly motivated student, major in an academic subject, enter a highly selective teacher-education program, pursue challenging coursework, get adequate field experience, enter a professional-development-school internship, and develop…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Elementary Education, Higher Education, Mathematics Teachers
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Darling-Hammond, Linda – Journal of Staff Development, 1997
Teacher knowledge and skills make a significant difference in student achievement. This paper discusses recommendations by the National Commission on Teaching on how to ensure that every child has access to high quality teaching; superior teaching in other industrialized countries; unqualified U.S. teachers; variations among states; states and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education
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Darling-Hammond, Linda – Journal of Staff Development, 1999
Better student learning means making more time for teacher learning. If schools are to be structured for success, professional development must be an ongoing, integral part of teaching. This paper provides examples from different schools and countries of organizing teacher time and rethinking school structures and practices, noting strategies for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality
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Darling-Hammond, Linda – Academe, 1999
Until recently there has been little conversation about the most important contribution academe can make to supporting learning. If universities would commit their considerable resources to better preparing the individuals who become elementary and secondary school teachers, they could transform the nation's educational system and stimulate higher…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Role, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality
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Darling-Hammond, Linda; And Others – Elementary School Journal, 1995
Proposes new forms of teacher leadership emerging in professional development schools. Suggests that teacher leadership is inextricably connected to teacher learning and can be embedded in tasks and roles that do not create artificial, imposed, formal hierarchies; such approaches may lead to greater profession-wide leadership, thereby improving…
Descriptors: College School Cooperation, Educational Change, Higher Education, Instructional Leadership
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Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Forum, 1994
Shortcomings of current testing policies have heightened interest in alternative assessment methods. Authentic assessments truly represent performance, evaluate against openly expressed standards, help students learn to evaluate themselves, and require public presentation and defense of their work. (SK)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Performance Based Assessment, Standards, Student Evaluation
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Phi Delta Kappan, 1991
American testing is primarily controlled by commercial publishers and nonschool agencies that produce norm-referenced, multiple-choice instruments designed to rank students cheaply and efficiently. Such tests are not intended to support instruction. Test scores tied to tracking, grade retention, graduation requirements, and rewards and sanctions…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Standardized Tests, Student Evaluation
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