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Salminen, Jenni; Pakarinen, Eija; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – Research Papers in Education, 2018
The present study extends research on classroom quality profiles by examining the differences between profiles with respect to children's development in pre-academic skills and motivation across the kindergarten year. Teacher-child interactions were observed in 49 Finnish kindergarten classrooms using the CLASS Pre-K instrument. Based on prior…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Skill Development, Academic Ability
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Lowman, Joneen; Stone, Laura T.; Guo, Jing – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
Interactive book reading (IBR) has proven effective for increasing children's lexicons with most of the results based on students' learning of nouns. Little is known about the application of IBR to instructional verbs (i.e., words used during the instruction of academic content). To address this gap, 122 prekindergarten children were recruited…
Descriptors: Verbs, Preschool Children, Intervention, Vocabulary Development
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Christ, Tanya; Chiu, Ming Ming – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: Children learn most of their vocabulary incidentally, by hearing words used in their environment. This study explored which kinds of presentations of words, without any direct instruction, yielded greater depth of target word knowledge. Changes in 56 kindergartners' depth of knowledge for each of 23 novel target words (N =…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Incidental Learning, Kindergarten
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Pilkauskas, Natasha V.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although many studies have investigated links between maternal employment and children's wellbeing, less research has considered whether the stability of maternal employment is linked with child outcomes. Using unique employment calendar data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 2,011), an urban birth cohort study of largely…
Descriptors: Employment, Early Childhood Education, Child Behavior, Thinking Skills
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Lesniewska, Justyna; Pichette, François; Béland, Sébastien – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2018
Cognates are known to facilitate second language acquisition and use, as learners tend to assign to a new L2 word the meaning of a similar L1 word. Consequently, for L2 tests that rely largely on lexical items, performance may prove inflated for examinees whose L1 shares many cognates with the language being tested. This article examines the…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary
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Bowers, Lisa M.; Schwarz, Ilsa – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
Among the academic challenges faced by students from low-socioeconomic status (SES) homes is the loss of academic skills during the summer months. A total of 22 elementary students from low-SES homes participated in a summer program designed to improve oral and written narrative skills. We gathered oral and written narrative samples at the…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Low Income Groups, Literacy Education, Reading Programs
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Heilmann, John J.; Moyle, Maura J.; Rueden, Ashley M. – Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 2018
Having strong alphabet knowledge early in life is a powerful predictor of long-term reading and academic outcomes. Upon tracking the alphabet knowledge of 172 children enrolled in their first year of Head Start, we identified that most of the children could name fewer than 10 letters at the beginning of the academic year. Approximately, one third…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Emergent Literacy, Early Intervention, Knowledge Level
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Hayes, Nicole; Berthelsen, Donna C.; Nicholson, Jan M.; Walker, Sue – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
This study examined the socio-demographic factors associated with trajectories of parental involvement in shared book reading and other home activities for children aged 2-6 years. The study uses data from 3836 families participating in "Growing up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children." Latent growth curve models…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Participation, Family Environment, Learning Activities
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Zarrella, Immacolata; Lonigro, Antonia; Perrella, Raffaella; Caviglia, Giorgio; Laghi, Fiorenzo – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present research explored the relation between socio-cognitive skills, as Theory of Mind and affective empathy, social behaviour, attachment style and scholastic success in children, aged from 8 to 11 years (N = 159; 90 females, 69 males; M[subscript age] = 9,60; DS = 0.78). Several assessment tools were administered to children on mentalizing…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Empathy, Child Development, Academic Achievement
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Bengochea, Alain; Sembiante, Sabrina F.; Gort, Mileidis – Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 2018
In this case study, situated in a preschool classroom within an early childhood Spanish/English dual language programme, we examine how an emergent bilingual child engages with multimodal resources to participate in sociodramatic play discourses. Guided by sociocultural and critical discourse perspectives on multimodality, we analysed ways in…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Play, Second Language Learning, Code Switching (Language)
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Savage, Robert; Georgiou, George; Parrila, Rauno; Maiorino, Kristina – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We evaluated two experimenter-delivered, small-group word reading programs among at-risk poor readers in Grade 1 classes of regular elementary schools using a two-arm, dual-site-matched control trial intervention. At-risk poor word readers (n = 201) were allocated to either (a) Direct Mapping and Set-for-Variability (DMSfV) or (b) Current or…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Graphemes, At Risk Students
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Rose, Elisabeth; Lehrl, Simone; Ebert, Susanne; Weinert, Sabine – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study investigated the long-term interrelations among children's language competencies, their home literacy environment (HLE), and 3 aspects of socioemotional development from ages 3 to 8, controlling for characteristics of the child and family. For this sample of 547 typically developing German children, parents and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Family Literacy, Family Environment, Aggression
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Ekerim, Muge; Selcuk, Bilge – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: The present study investigated the social and cognitive precursors of vocabulary knowledge in 239 Turkish preschoolers both concurrently (Time 1 [T1] Mage = 53.29 months, SD = 10.19) and subsequently 1 year later (Time 2 [T2] Mage = 65.40 months, SD = 10.55). We examined the role of parenting behaviors by focusing on emotional…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocabulary, Preschool Children, Parenting Styles
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Mimeau, Catherine; Dionne, Ginette; Feng, Bei; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Language Learning and Development, 2018
This twin study examined the genetic and environmental etiology of vocabulary, syntax, and their association in first graders. French-speaking same-sex twins (n = 555) completed two vocabulary tests, and two scores of syntax were calculated from their spontaneous speech at 7 years of age. Multivariate latent factor genetic analyses showed that…
Descriptors: Genetics, Etiology, Vocabulary, Syntax
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Boutwell, Brian B.; Young, Jacob T. N.; Meldrum, Ryan C. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
A wealth of literature has examined the association between breastfeeding and the development of cognitive abilities in childhood. In particular, at least some evidence exists suggesting that breastfed children perform better on measures of intelligence later in life. Although a correlation appears to be present, fewer observational studies have…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Infants, Intelligence, Correlation
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