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Miles, Sandra; Fulbrook, Paul; Mainwaring-Mägi, Debra – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Universal screening of very early school-age children (age 4-7 years) is important for early identification of learning problems that may require enhanced learning opportunity. In this context, use of standardized instruments is critical to obtain valid, reliable, and comparable assessment outcomes. A wide variety of standardized instruments is…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Screening Tests, Young Children, Usability
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Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Saenz, Laura; Resendez, Nora; Kwok, Oiman; Zhu, Leina; Davis, Heather – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study compared the effects of content-based shared book-reading instruction versus an explicit vocabulary-only condition on the vocabulary development of preschool dual language learners (DLLs). Using shared book reading as the mode of instruction, we randomly assigned 48 bilingual preschool teachers and 281…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), Bilingual Teachers
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Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura; Lucas-Molina, Beatriz – Early Education and Development, 2018
The basic aspects of emotional comprehension seem to be acquired around the age of 5. However, it is not clear whether children's emotion knowledge is based on facial expression, organized in scripts, or determined by sociocultural context. This study aims to shed some light on these subjects by assessing knowledge of basic emotions in 4- and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Minority Group Children, Ethnic Groups
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Rojo, Dolly P.; Echols, Catharine H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Bilingualism has been associated with a range of cognitive and language-related advantages, including the recognition that words can have different labels across languages. However, most previous research has failed to consider heterogeneity in the linguistic environments of children categorized as monolingual. Our study assessed the influence of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Outcomes of Education, Non English Speaking, Native Speakers
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Johnston, Lauren E.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Geres-Smith, Rhonda – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2018
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine whether incorporating vocabulary instruction in individual reading fluency interventions for English Language Learners (ELLs) would improve reading comprehension. Two vocabulary instructional procedures were contrasted with a fluency-building only condition in an alternating-treatments design…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Slocum, Jeremy Y.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
From an early age, children show a tendency to map novel labels onto unfamiliar rather than familiar kinds of objects. Accounts of this tendency have not addressed whether children develop a metacognitive representation of what they are doing. In 3 experiments (each N = 48), preschoolers received a test of the "metacognitive disambiguation…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Familiarity
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Roberts, Theresa A; Vadasy, Patricia F; Sanders, Elizabeth A – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study investigated: 1) the influence of alphabet instructional content (letter names, letter sounds, or both) on alphabet learning and engagement of English only and dual language learner (DLL) children, and 2) the relation between children's initial status and growth in three underlying cognitive learning processes (paired-associate,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Alphabets, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Kragness, Haley E.; Trainor, Laurel J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Proper segmentation of auditory streams is essential for understanding music. Many cues, including meter, melodic contour, and harmony, influence adults' perception of musical phrase boundaries. To date, no studies have examined young children's musical grouping in a production task. We used a musical self-pacing method to investigate (1) whether…
Descriptors: Young Children, Music, Listening, Pacing
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Rufsvold, Ronda; Wang, Ye; Hartman, Maria C.; Arora, Sonia B.; Smolen, Elaine R. – American Annals of the Deaf, 2018
The researchers investigated the effects of adult language input on the quantity of language, vocabulary development, and understanding of basic concepts of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children who used listening and spoken language. Using audio recording and Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) software, the study involved 30 preschool DHH…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development
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Cupples, L.; Ching, T. Y. C.; Leigh, G.; Martin, L.; Gunnourie, M.; Button, L.; Marnane, V.; Hou, S.; Zhang, V.; Flynn, C.; Van Buynder, P. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). Method: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Disabilities
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Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Wall, Shavaun M.; Peterson, Carla A.; Luze, Gayle J.; Swanson, Mark E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Early indicators of academic risk were used to predict the academic skills, socioemotional functioning, and receipt of special education services at age 10 among children from low-income families who participated in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. Pairwise comparison of academic skills and socioemotional functioning among…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Predictor Variables, Academic Ability, Social Development
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Coker, David L., Jr.; Jennings, Austin S.; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth; MacArthur, Charles A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Previous research has demonstrated that writing instruction can support reading achievement (Graham & Hebert, 2011); however much of this work involved carefully designed interventions. In this study, we evaluated a conceptual framework of the direct and indirect effects of typical writing instruction and student writing practice on reading…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Reading Achievement, Drills (Practice), Grade 1
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van Wingerden, Evelien; Segers, Eliane; van Balkom, Hans; Verhoeven, Ludo – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The present article aimed to explore how the development of reading comprehension is affected when its cognitive basis is compromised. The simple view of reading was adopted as the theoretical framework. The study followed 76 children with mild intellectual disabilities (average IQ = 60.38, age 121 months) across a period of 3 years. The children…
Descriptors: Children, Mild Intellectual Disability, Reading Comprehension, Longitudinal Studies
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Inoue, Tomohiro; Georgiou, George K.; Parrila, Rauno; Kirby, John R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We examined the developmental relationships between home literacy environment (parent teaching, shared book reading) and emergent literacy skills (phonological awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary, rapid naming speed) in kindergarten, reading accuracy and fluency in Grade 1, and reading comprehension in Grades 2 and 3 in a sample of Canadian…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Emergent Literacy, Reading Skills, Reading Fluency
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