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Lewis, Maria M.; Garces, Liliana M.; Frankenberg, Erica – Educational Researcher, 2019
As the federal entity in charge of enforcing civil rights law, the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) plays a critical role in addressing the vast inequities that exist in U.S. education. Through an analysis of the policy guidance OCR issued for a number of areas during the Obama administration, we illustrate the agency's…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Civil Rights, Agency Role, Law Enforcement
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Liu, Albert Y.; Lacoe, Johanna; Lipscomb, Stephen; Haimson, Joshua; Johnson, David R.; Thurlow, Martha L. – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2018
For more than 40 years, policymakers have committed to supporting the education of students with disabilities, who have grown as a share of all students in the United States (Snyder, de Brey, & Dillow, 2016). Beginning with landmark legislation in 1975, the U.S. Congress mandated that students with disabilities have access to a free and…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Special Education, Equal Education, Educational Legislation
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Liu, Albert Y.; Lacoe, Johanna; Lipscomb, Stephen; Haimson, Joshua; Johnson, David R.; Thurlow, Martha L. – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2018
For more than 40 years, policymakers have committed to supporting the education of students with disabilities, who have grown as a share of all students in the United States. Beginning with landmark legislation in 1975, the U.S. Congress mandated that students with disabilities have access to a free and appropriate public education and provided…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Special Education, Equal Education, Educational Legislation
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Meade, Whitney W.; O'Brien, Jason – Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 2018
In this case, a child with a spinal cord injury was denied access to an afterschool care program that her nondisabled siblings were allowed to attend because she did not meet "eligibility requirements." Specifically, the independent contractor who ran the program mandated that students be able to function in an environment with a student…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, After School Programs, Disabilities
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Losinski, Mickey; Ennis, Robin Parks – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Childhood cancers are the second leading cause of death among children. Common childhood cancers include leukemia (34%), brain tumors (23%), and lymphomas (12%; Kaatsch, 2010). Fortunately, survival rates related to these diseases have been increasing (Phillips et al., 2015). There are approximately 388,500 survivors of childhood cancers, with…
Descriptors: Cancer, Children, Special Needs Students, Special Education
National Council on Disability, 2018
This report is part of a five-report series on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that examines the history and current process of federal monitoring and enforcement of IDEA, the role of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), and IDEA's options for resolving…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Equal Education
Schechter, Julia Silverman – Phi Delta Kappan, 2018
Students with disabilities, especially those with non-apparent conditions, are entering universities in growing numbers. Yet more and more students are going off to college unprepared to manage their disabilities, in part because their high schools are overburdened, understaffed, and uninformed to identify and support them. A recent survey of…
Descriptors: Student Needs, Undergraduate Students, Special Education, High School Students
Cortiella, Candace; Boundy, Kathleen B. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, 2018
Chronic absenteeism is a measure of how many students miss a defined number of school days for any reason--excused, unexcused, suspension. Many states define chronic absenteeism as the number and percentage of students missing 10 percent or more of their school days in a year. The purpose of this Brief is to provide information about chronic…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Attendance Patterns, Educational Legislation, Equal Education
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Mead, Julie F.; Eckes, Suzanne E. – National Education Policy Center, 2018
Recent reports on discrimination in private schools have led some observers to decry the fact that private and charter schools receiving public tax dollars selectively exclude some populations from both employment and enrollment; others, however, note that in these and similar instances the schools have broken no laws. Both may be right. How can…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Charter Schools, Educational Vouchers, Educational Finance
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Salminen, Erik; Gregory, Dennis E. – Journal of College and University Student Housing, 2018
The results of recent cases indicate that residences and dormitories owned by higher education institutions should be considered "dwellings," and thus subject to the Fair Housing Act. The Fair Housing Act (1968) as amended requires that the providers of dwellings accommodate assistance animals, which includes not only service animals,…
Descriptors: Animals, Therapy, Dormitories, College Housing
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Squires, Maureen E.; Countermine, Brad – Exceptionality Education International, 2018
Throughout the United States, students with disabilities (SWD) are entering higher education in greater numbers than in the past; they also encounter barriers that negatively impact their college experience. This qualitative study explores the challenges of SWD at a public comprehensive college in the northeastern United States. Our research…
Descriptors: College Students, Disabilities, Barriers, College Environment
Tomasello, Jenna; Brand, Betsy – College and Career Readiness and Success Center, 2018
Despite advances in improving CCR for students with disabilities, a great deal of work is needed to help more students achieve their full potential. The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) provides states with flexibility over the design of their educational systems and offers additional provisions to support CCR for all students, including…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Disabilities, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
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Taylor, Zachary W. – Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 2018
Students with ADHD are less likely to graduate from college than their peers; this study examines the currency and readability of ADHD documentation guidelines of 335 randomly selected, four-year, public and non-profit private institutions in the United States. Findings reveal that ADHD documentation is current, yet composed at nearly a 17th-grade…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, At Risk Students, Guidelines, Public Colleges
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Zirkel, Perry A. – Exceptional Children, 2018
This article provides a systematic and impartial analysis of the law, including hearing and review officer as well as judicial decisions, specific to the intersection of response to intervention (RTI) and school districts' ongoing affirmative obligation of child find. The results reveal that this intersection has not been the subject of…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, School Districts, Program Implementation, Disabilities
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Blankenship, A. Paige; Canto, Angela I. – Exceptionality, 2018
The purpose of this study is to replicate a study conducted by Hux, Marquardt, Skinner, and Bond (1999) in which the researchers explored the frequency of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in the special education population as compared to the frequency of TBI among students in general education. Hux and colleagues (1999) found that roughly…
Descriptors: Brain, Head Injuries, Special Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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