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Granovskiy, Boris – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The term "STEM" (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education refers to teaching and learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It typically includes educational activities across all grade levels--from pre-school to post-doctorate--in both formal (e.g., classrooms) and informal (e.g.,…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Program Descriptions, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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Thompson, Doris L.; Thompson, Sherwood – Journal for the Advancement of Educational Research International, 2018
This paper discusses the importance of equity and quality education in K-12 schools and how employing equity and quality strategies in classroom instructional practices and school culture can positively change children's lives. Educational achievement is a matter of the home, school, and community working in concert to build confidence in a…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Equal Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Student Needs
Aladjem, Dan; von Glatz, Adrienne; Hildreth, Jeanine; McKithen, Clarissa – Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education, 2018
Policymakers and practitioners at the local, state, and federal levels have invested considerable time and energy into solving the problem of turning around chronically low-performing schools. As the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) has refined the federal effort to support states and districts to turn schools around, it has adopted…
Descriptors: School Turnaround, Educational Improvement, Low Achievement, School Districts
Oregon Department of Education, 2018
This annual report is a snapshot of Oregon's education system that includes important statewide data about the state's students, teachers and schools. The 2017-18 Statewide Report Card includes: (1) Graduation and dropout rates; (2) Early childhood data; (3) Attendance and regular attender data; (4) Student demographics and information on specific…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Graduation Rate, Dropout Rate, Early Childhood Education
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Young, Victoria M. – Educational Foundations, 2018
Drawing from the existing body of data and research on the community education concept, effective schools, and standards-based reforms, this essay examines educational achievement in the United States corresponding to and resulting from reform movements and political actions. The 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is reviewed in…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Geer, Wil – Educational Foundations, 2018
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) represent an historic shift in K-12 curricular policy. Yet,few have explicitly traced the lineage of the CCSS and linked them to the decades-old standards-based reform movement. This essay situates the CCSS within the larger historical context of standards-based reform. It concludes with a discussion of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Common Core State Standards, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
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Gregory, Anne; Fergus, Edward – Future of Children, 2017
Beginning as early as preschool, race and gender are intertwined with the way US schools mete out discipline. In particular, black students and male students are much more likely than others to be suspended or expelled--punishments that we know can hold them back academically. These disparities, and the damage they can cause, have driven recent…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Equal Education, Discipline Policy
Clymer, Carol; Toso, Blaire Willson; Grinder, Elisabeth; Sauder, Ruth Parrish – Goodling Institute for Research in Family Literacy, 2017
"Changing the Course of Family Literacy" re-examines the importance and value of family literacy programming and offers several policy recommendations to focus attention on the four-component model used in Even Start. This paper explores the current status of Family literacy and, after gathering information from 47 states, found that 11…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Literacy Education, Family Programs, Partnerships in Education
Frankenberg, Erica; Hawley, Genevieve Siegel; Ee, Jongyeon; Orfield, Gary – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2017
The South was the central focus of the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision from the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. The landmark ruling held that laws mandating segregation in the school systems of the eleven states of the Old Confederacy, along with D.C. and six other states, violated the U.S. Constitution. Intense opposition met the…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Civil Rights, Educational History, School Desegregation
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Imperatore, Catherine; Hyslop, Alisha – Peabody Journal of Education, 2017
Federal legislation has driven and been receptive to the vision of a rigorous, relevant career and technical education (CTE) system integrated with academics and aligned across middle school, secondary school, and postsecondary education. This article uses a social policy analysis approach to trace the history of federal CTE policy throughout the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Policy, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; Eden, Max, Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2017
Frederick M. Hess and Max Eden bring together a cross-section of respected academics and journalists to examine key aspects of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The Chapters appear on the table of contents as follows: (1) From ESEA to NCLB: The Growth of the Federal Role and the Shift to Accountability (Patrick McGuinn); (2) From NCLB to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Federal Government
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Dennis, Danielle V. – Reading Teacher, 2017
Signed into law by President Barack Obama in December 2015, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) replaces No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the 2001 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. NCLB and its Reading First mandate brought punitive accountability models and scripted core curricula into schools. Based on the language of…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Reading Programs
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Laverdure, Patricia – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2017
The Policy-Advocacy-Leadership (PAL) column is developed to initiate and facilitate important dialogue about health care and educational policy, and develop and share the knowledge, tools, and resources that enable all of us to be effective advocates for our clients and our practice and leaders in our practice settings and profession. In this…
Descriptors: Occupational Therapy, Advocacy, Educational Policy, Policy Formation
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Smith, Rebecca – Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 2017
Using document analysis, this paper examines the historical emergence of the quantified child, revealing how the collection and use of data has become normalized through legitimizing discourses. First, following in the traditions of Foucault's genealogy and studies examining the sociology of numbers, this paper traces the evolution of data…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Trends, Student Records, Statistical Data
Cook, H. Gary; Sahakyan, Narek; Linquanti, Robert – Wisconsin Center for Education Research, 2017
The authors develop model analyses based on a U.S. Department of Education guide to illustrate procedures a State could use to compare and contrast school-level overall and English Learner accountability determinations for proficiency in reading/language arts under the options allowed by the Every Student Succeeds Act. As a technical reference,…
Descriptors: State Standards, Accountability, Immigrants, English Language Learners
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