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Biesmans, K. E.; Aken, L.; Frunt, E. M. J.; Wingbermühle, P. A. M.; Egger, J. I. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Assessment of intelligence and executive function (EF) is common in complex neuropsychiatric practice. Although previous studies have shown that EF and intelligence are related, it is unknown whether these constructs relate to one another in a similar manner across different ability groups (mild intellectual disability, borderline…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Executive Function, Psychiatry, Correlation
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The newest edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Smith, Derek; Zheng, Robert; Metz, Aj; Morrow, Sue; Pompa, Janience; Hill, Justin; Rupper, Rand – Educational Gerontology, 2019
Enhancing the cognitive functionality of digital technology can be critical in learning complex topics like caregiving for older adults. This study examines the deployment of cognitive prompts in video-based training to optimize older adults' cognitive information process in both deep and surface learning. The path analysis revealed the…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Processes, Prompting
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Liknaitzky, Paul; Smillie, Luke D.; Allen, Nicholas B. – Creativity Research Journal, 2018
Depression is associated with biased interpretations and beliefs that are resistant to change. This kind of cognitive rigidity may depend on two distinct factors--a reduced ability for processing information that conflicts with these interpretations and beliefs and a reduced ability for generating alternative representations. Although depressive…
Descriptors: Creative Thinking, Undergraduate Students, Psychology, Foreign Countries
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Bonti, Eleni; Bampalou, Christina E.; Kouimtzi, Eleni M.; Kyritsis, Zacharias – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
The purpose of this study is to investigate the reasons why Greek young adults with Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) seek learning assessments. The study sample consisted of 106 adults meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for SLD. Data were collected through self-report records (clinical interview) of adults…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Adults, Learning Disabilities, Mental Disorders
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Stirk, Steven; Field, Bryony; Black, Jessica – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2018
Background: The Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ) has been shown to have high sensitivity and specificity to identify those who are likely to meet intellectual disability diagnostic criteria (McKenzie, et al. [McKenzie K., 2015]). However, there is no independent research to date to support these findings. Materials and Methods:…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Questionnaires, Screening Tests, Diagnostic Tests
Pandey, Shaivi; Ashokan, Varun – Online Submission, 2018
The present study assesses the intelligence of female university students in respect to the intelligence of elder and younger siblings. Based on reviews hypothesis were framed to see the significant difference between elder and younger the siblings with respect to their intelligences. Here, Intelligence has defined in ways of learning ability. The…
Descriptors: Birth Order, Females, College Students, Sibling Relationship
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Heggie, Lindsay; Wade-Woolley, Lesly – Reading Psychology, 2018
We examined the relationship between two metalinguistic tasks: prosodic awareness and punctuation ability. Specifically, we investigated whether adults' ability to punctuate was related to the degree to which they are aware of and able to manipulate prosody in spoken language. English-speaking adult readers (n = 115) were administered a receptive…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Punctuation, Metalinguistics
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Lallier, Marie; Thierry, Guillaume; Barr, Polly; Carreiras, Manuel; Tainturier, Marie-Josephe – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
According to the Grain Size Accommodation hypothesis (Lallier & Carreiras, 2017), learning to read in two languages differing in orthographic consistency leads to a cross-linguistic modulation of reading and spelling processes. Here, we test the prediction that bilingualism may influence the manifestations of dyslexia. We compared the deficits…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Welsh
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Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Altgassen, Mareike; Barr, Peter; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Adults, Autism
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Riesen, Tim; Jameson, J. Matt – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
A single subject alternating treatment design was used to compare most-to-least and least-to-most prompts to teach work tasks in community businesses. Four students with moderate to severe disabilities, two paraprofessionals, and one transition teacher participated in the study. Results of the study suggest that both prompting strategies were…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Severe Disabilities, Disabilities, Paraprofessional Personnel
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McKissick, Bethany R.; Davis, Luann Ley; Spooner, Fred; Fisher, Larry B.; Graves, Carlie – Rural Special Education Quarterly, 2018
Rural special educators face unique challenges in providing high quality special education services, especially when teaching grade-aligned science content. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is one strategy that has the potential to address two major challenges (i.e., a lack of preservice training and limited professional development…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Teaching Methods, Intellectual Disability
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Braatveit, Kirsten J.; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Hove, Oddbjørn – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2018
Introduction: There is reason to believe that many individuals with substance use disorders (SUD), who are in contact with services, have an undiagnosed intellectual disability. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of intellectual and borderline intellectual disabilities (ID/BID) among inpatients with SUD and to further…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Severe Intellectual Disability, Intellectual Disability, Incidence
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Swaminathan, Swathi; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Venkatesan, Kirthika – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
We sought to clarify whether the positive association between music lessons and reading ability is explained better by shared resources for processing pitch and temporal information, or by general cognitive abilities. Participants were native and nonnative speakers of English with varying levels of music training. We measured reading ability…
Descriptors: Music Education, Correlation, Reading Ability, Cognitive Ability
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Tillmann, J.; Ashwood, K.; Absoud, M.; Bölte, S.; Bonnet-Brilhault, F.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Calderoni, S.; Calvo, R.; Canal-Bedia, R.; Canitano, R.; De Bildt, A.; Gomot, M.; Hoekstra, P. J.; Kaale, A.; McConachie, H.; Murphy, D. G.; Narzisi, A.; Oosterling, I.; Pejovic-Milovancevic, M.; Persico, A. M.; Puig, O.; Roeyers, H.; Rommelse, N.; Sacco, R.; Scandurra, V.; Stanfield, A. C.; Zander, E.; Charman, T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on sex-related differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been impeded by small samples. We pooled 28 datasets from 18 sites across nine European countries to examine sex differences in the ASD phenotype on the ADI-R (376 females, 1763 males) and ADOS (233 females, 1187 males). On the ADI-R, early childhood restricted and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Diagnostic Tests, Observation
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