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Hintz, Florian; Meyer, Antje S.; Huettig, Falk – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Many studies have demonstrated that listeners use information extracted from verbs to guide anticipatory eye movements to objects in the visual context that satisfy the selection restrictions of the verb. An important question is what underlies such verb-mediated anticipatory eye gaze. Based on empirical and theoretical suggestions, we…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Verbs, Eye Movements, Language Processing
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Valler, Emilee C.; Burko, Jordan A.; Pfeiffer, Steven I.; Branagan, Alexandra M. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
The conceptualization of giftedness continues to be a widely debated topic within the field. Recently, there has been a shift from a psychometric view of giftedness to inclusion of conative and contextual factors. How one defines and conceptualizes "gifted" drives assessment and identification practices. Conceptualization also guides the…
Descriptors: Gifted, Authors, Mixed Methods Research, Children
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Chen, Youzhen; Lian, Rong; Yang, Lixian; Liu, Jianrong; Meng, Yingfang – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The effects of working memory (WM) demand and reminders on an event-based prospective memory (PM) task were compared between students with low and high achievement in math. WM load (1- and 2-back tasks) was manipulated as a within-subject factor and reminder (with or without reminder) as a between-subject factor. Results showed that high-achieving…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Low Achievement, High Achievement
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Lafay, Anne; St-Pierre, Marie-Catherine; Macoir, Joël – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Numbers may be manipulated and represented mentally over a compressible number line oriented from left to right. According to numerous studies, one of the primary reasons for dyscalculia is related to improper understanding of the mental number line. Children with dyscalculia usually show difficulty when they have to place Arabic numbers on a…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Steinlen, Anja K. – Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 2017
Both for the first language (L1) and for all additional languages (L2 or L3), grammatical knowledge plays a vital role in understanding texts (e.g., Grabe, 2005). However, little is known about the development and interaction of grammar and reading comprehension in beginning foreign language learning, especially with respect to children with a…
Descriptors: Grammar, Bilingual Students, Elementary School Students, Reading Comprehension
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Bildiren, Ahmet – Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2017
The objective of the study was to test the Coloured Progressive Matrices Test with regard to reliability and validity for the 3-9 age sample group because of the lack of diagnostic tools for the pre-school period. The sample group of the study was comprised of a total of 925 children with 433 girls (46.8%) and 492 boys (53.2%). Coloured…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Gifted
Aysin, Sayi K.; Serap, Emir – Online Submission, 2017
The main aim of this study is to investigate the effects of an English language education program that addresses the academic and cognitive needs of gifted children on their academic achievement and creative thinking levels. To this end, through an experimental research design, the unit "Health Problems" in English course book was…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Control Groups, Creative Thinking
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
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Al-Hilawani, Yasser A. – Volta Review, 2017
The relationship between IQ, metacognition, and self-perception of quality of life as measured by the Mooney checklist was explored. Participants who were hearing and deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) were compared using these outcome variables, with gender as an additional grouping variable. Results revealed performances on these measures were…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Deafness, Metacognition, Intelligence Quotient
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Botting, Nicola; Gaynor, Marguerite; Tucker, Katie; Orchard-Lisle, Ginnie – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2016
Some reports suggest that there is an increase in the number of children identified as having developmental language impairment (Bercow, 2008). yet resource issues have meant that many speech and language therapy services have compromised provision in some way. Thus, efficient ways of identifying need and prioritizing intervention are required.…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Developmental Disabilities, Children, Intervention
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Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas; Lervåg, Arne Olav; Hulme, Charles – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2016
We evaluated the effect of morphological awareness training delivered in preschool (8 months before school entry) on reading ability at the end of grade 1 and 5 years later (in Grade 6). In preschool, one group of children received morphological awareness training, while a second group received phonological awareness training. A control group…
Descriptors: Reading, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Control Groups
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Chen, Zhe; Honomichl, Ryan; Kennedy, Diane; Tan, Enda – Developmental Psychology, 2016
The present study examines 5- to 8-year-old children's relation reasoning in solving matrix completion tasks. This study incorporates a componential analysis, an eye-tracking method, and a microgenetic approach, which together allow an investigation of the cognitive processing strategies involved in the development and learning of children's…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Statistical Analysis, Componential Analysis, Cognitive Processes
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Hentschel, Maren; Lange-Kuttner, Christiane; Averbeck, Bruno B. – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The study investigated sequence learning from stochastic feedback in boys with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and typically developed (TD) boys. We asked boys with ASD from Nigeria and the UK as well as age- and gender-matched controls (also males only) to deduce a sequence of four left and right button presses, LLRR, RRLL, LRLR, RLRL, LRRL and…
Descriptors: Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries
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Sideridis, Georgios D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
The purpose of the present studies was to test the hypothesis that the psychometric characteristics of ability scales may be significantly distorted if one accounts for emotional factors during test taking. Specifically, the present studies evaluate the effects of anxiety and motivation on the item difficulties of the Rasch model. In Study 1, the…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Test Validity, Measures (Individuals), Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Terzi, Arhonto; Marinis, Theodoros; Francis, Kostantinos – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
In order to study problems of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) with morphosyntax, we investigated twenty high-functioning Greek-speaking children (mean age: 6;11) and twenty age- and language-matched typically developing children on environments that allow or forbid object clitics or their corresponding noun phrase. Children with…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary, Foreign Countries
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