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Child Development6514
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Khu, Melanie; Chambers, Craig; Graham, Susan A. – Child Development, 2018
Using a novel emotional perspective-taking task, this study investigated 4-year-olds' (n = 97) use of a speaker's emotional prosody to make inferences about the speaker's emotional state and, correspondingly, their communicative intent. Eye gaze measures indicated preschoolers used emotional perspective inferences to guide their real-time…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Child Development, Intonation, Suprasegmentals
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Petscher, Yaacov; Justice, Laura M.; Hogan, Tiffany – Child Development, 2018
This study examined change in early language comprehension from 15 to 54 months for fifth-grade typical readers (n = 35), poor decoders (n = 11), or poor comprehenders (n = 16) from a nationally representative study of early child-care experiences. Changing measures of language comprehension were captured across early childhood for the 62…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills
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Susperreguy, Maria Ines; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; Duckworth, Kathryn; Chen, Meichu – Child Development, 2018
This study examines whether self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later math and reading attainment across different levels of achievement. Data from three large-scale longitudinal data sets, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development--Study of Early Child Care and…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Prediction, Academic Achievement, Role
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Bjorklund, David F. – Child Development, 2018
In 1997, I argued that with the loss of Piaget's theory as an overarching guide, cognitive development had become disjointed and a new metatheory was needed to unify the field. I suggested developmental biology, particularly evolutionary theory, as a candidate. Here, I examine the increasing emphasis of biology in cognitive development research…
Descriptors: Child Development, Developmental Psychology, Piagetian Theory, Developmental Stages
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Perone, Sammy; Plebanek, Daniel J.; Lorenz, Megan G.; Spencer, John P.; Samuelson, Larissa K. – Child Development, 2019
Executive function (EF) plays a foundational role in development. A brain-based model of EF development is probed for the experiences that strengthen EF in the dimensional change card sort task in which children sort cards by one rule and then are asked to switch to another. Three-year-olds perseverate on the first rule, failing the task, whereas…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Role, Child Development, Toddlers
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Curtis, Philip R.; Kaiser, Ann P.; Estabrook, Ryne; Roberts, Megan Y. – Child Development, 2019
Researchers examined whether a parent-implemented language intervention improved problem behaviors 1 year after intervention. Ninety-seven children with language delays (mean age at 12-month follow-up = 48.22 months) were randomized to receive Enhanced Milieu Teaching (EMT) language intervention or business as usual treatment. Twelve months after…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Intervention, Parent Child Relationship, Behavior Problems
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Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hoff, Erika; Rowe, Meredith L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – Child Development, 2019
Sperry, Sperry, and Miller (2018) aim to debunk what is called the 30-million-word gap by claiming that children from lower income households hear more speech than Hart and Risley ([Hart, B., 1995]) reported. We address why the 30-million-word gap should not be abandoned, and the importance of retaining focus on the vital ingredient to language…
Descriptors: Child Development, Low Income, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition
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McNeil, Nicole M.; Hornburg, Caroline Byrd; Devlin, Brianna L.; Carrazza, Cristina; McKeever, Mary O. – Child Development, 2019
Experts claim that individual differences in children's formal understanding of mathematical equivalence have consequences for mathematics achievement; however, evidence is lacking. A prospective, longitudinal study was conducted with a diverse sample of 112 children from a midsized city in the Midwestern United States (M[subscript age] [second…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Longitudinal Studies
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Bauer, Patricia J.; Larkina, Marina – Child Development, 2017
In accumulating knowledge, direct modes of learning are complemented by productive processes, including self-generation based on integration of separate episodes. Effects of the number of potentially relevant episodes on integration were examined in 4- to 8-year-olds (N = 121; racially/ethnically heterogeneous sample, English speakers, from large…
Descriptors: Young Children, Semantics, Memory, Experiments
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Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Coley, Rebekah Levine – Child Development, 2017
This study assessed the links between early maternal employment and children's later academic and behavioral skills in Australia and the United Kingdom. Using representative samples of children born in each country from 2000 to 2004 (Australia N = 5,093, U.K. N = 18,497), OLS regression models weighted with propensity scores assessed links between…
Descriptors: Child Development, Foreign Countries, Regression (Statistics), Grade 1
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Gonzalez, Antonya M.; Steele, Jennifer R.; Baron, Andrew S. – Child Development, 2017
Studies with adults suggest that implicit preferences favoring White versus Black individuals can be reduced through exposure to positive Black exemplars. However, it remains unclear whether developmental differences exist in the capacity for these biases to be changed. This study included 369 children and examined whether their implicit racial…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Children, Age Differences, Child Development
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Mangin, Kathryn S.; Horwood, L. J.; Woodward, Lianne J. – Child Development, 2017
Cognitive impairment is common among children born very preterm (VPT), yet little is known about how this risk changes over time. To examine this issue, a regional cohort of 110 VPT (= 32 weeks gestation) and 113 full-term (FT) born children was prospectively assessed at ages 4, 6, 9, and 12 years using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Cognitive Ability, Premature Infants, At Risk Persons
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Walker, Caren M.; Lombrozo, Tania; Williams, Joseph J.; Rafferty, Anna N.; Gopnik, Alison – Child Development, 2017
Three experiments investigate how self-generated explanation influences children's causal learning. Five-year-olds (N = 114) observed data consistent with two hypotheses and were prompted to explain or to report each observation. In Study 1, when making novel generalizations, explainers were more likely to favor the hypothesis that accounted for…
Descriptors: Young Children, Learning, Influences, Observation
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McGillion, Michelle; Herbert, Jane S.; Pine, Julian; Vihman, Marilyn; dePaolis, Rory; Keren-Portnoy, Tamar; Matthews, Danielle – Child Development, 2017
A child's first words mark the emergence of a uniquely human ability. Theories of the developmental steps that pave the way for word production have proposed that either vocal or gestural precursors are key. These accounts were tested by assessing the developmental synchrony in the onset of babbling, pointing, and word production for 46 infants…
Descriptors: Child Language, Infants, Socioeconomic Status, Verbal Communication
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Yablon, Yaacov B. – Child Development, 2017
Early detection of severe violence is a significant challenge for many schools. Three studies were conducted on samples of 6th, 8th, and 10th graders (12-16 years old). The first study, based on paired reports of teachers and students (n = 130), showed that a high percentage of both victims and perpetrators of severe violence are not identified by…
Descriptors: Violence, Identification, Grade 6, Grade 8
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