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Ediger, Marlow – 2001
The social studies curriculum should be assessed continuously to bring in the latest research, trends, and recommendations of experts. A survey of teachers, administrators, parents, and other community members may be conducted to determine preferences for the curriculum. An effort should be made to decide what is in the curriculum and what should…
Descriptors: Course Content, Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Educational Assessment
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
The principal of the school needs to be highly knowledgeable of how reading should be taught. He/she must know the different psychologies and philosophies of reading instruction. Word recognition techniques and diverse comprehension skills should also be in the repertoire of the school principal. The principal must work in the direction of helping…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Instructional Leadership, Principals, Public Schools
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
To do well in reading, students need to have a well-developed vocabulary on their own developmental level. The vocabulary a student possesses provides background information so that meaningful reading of new content can occur. A language-rich learning environment is necessary for students to thrive in the listening, speaking, reading, and writing…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Interdisciplinary Approach, Reading Instruction, Reading Strategies
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
For-profit schools are serviced by commercial companies whose primary goal is to raise student achievement to a designated level within a period specified by contract. Different school systems are discussed along with their positive and negative points. Questions related to possible issues are presented in each case for consideration. Reasons for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Charter Schools, Corporate Education, Distance Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
Most educators advocate cooperative learning in the curriculum. Heterogeneous grouping is also recommended so that students with mixed achievement levels work in a committee setting. Cooperative endeavors stress democracy as a way of life, according to many educators, as compared to competition in the classroom. This paper examines the philosophy…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Competition, Cooperative Learning
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
Principals are increasingly being held accountable for student achievement in the public schools, but there are many questions about how to assess principals' achievement. There are many problems with using the results of standardized testing to assess the achievement of principals. Feedback from teachers appears to be a good way to assess the…
Descriptors: Administrator Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Principals
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
It is difficult to know the information that should be included on state report cards to enable comparisons among school districts and among different states. There may be many problems with such report cards, ranging from the possibility of computer error to the chance of reporting test scores that are not reliable or valid or the use of tests…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Reliability
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
Building student abilities for taking standardized tests has certainly become an issue as testing has become increasingly important in the U.S. educational system. How much emphasis should a school or district place on educating students to do well on such tests? It is certainly possible to spend too much school time learning to take tests, and…
Descriptors: Ability, Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Standardized Tests
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
To assure the fair and honest grading of student achievement, validity and reliability are key to writing test items. Clarity in writing each item is essential. Multiple procedures of assessing the achievement of university students should be implemented, and instructors and professors should be held accountable for the fair and honest grading of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Students, Educational Technology, Grades (Scholastic)
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
The topic of grade inflation, the awarding of too many "A's" and "B's", is frequently mentioned in the literature on higher education. Many educational philosophies have suggested ways to evaluate students fairly. Some professors have used the bell-shaped curve as a model, giving grades according to the normal distribution curve regardless of the…
Descriptors: College Students, Grade Inflation, Grading, Higher Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
The school counselor as a team member has a leading role to play in inservice education of the teaching faculty. The counselor has considerable contact with students and has valuable information on developing a quality inservice education program. Inservice education has the goal of improving the curriculum for students. This paper presents a…
Descriptors: Counselor Role, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Inservice Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
The role of the school principal in a community of learners is discussed. A "community of learners" refers to a group of individuals with common interests who share ideals and learn from each other. The principal must work with teachers, providing support and receiving support in helping students achieve optimal results. A community of learners…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Collegiality, Community, Elementary Secondary Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
This paper suggests that although good attitudes towards science on the part of teachers are very important in teaching, attitudes are difficult to measure. Prospective candidates for teaching should be chosen because they have good attitudes toward science coupled with an adequate self-concept. Prospective science teachers need adequate…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Science Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
The issue of high standards and high expectations for public school students has even reached the kindergarten level of instruction. The paper suggests that the informal readiness approach can be used with a more formal curriculum in order to prepare students for state mandated testing to ensure readiness for first grade. Many educators believe…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Kindergarten, Kindergarten Children, Primary Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
This paper states that there is a tradition of inquiry learning in science that dates at least to the 1950s and early 1960s. Inquiry learning approaches are still in fashion in that the teacher facilitates learning and a hands-on approach to actively involve students. Process approaches are still being used, and the aspects of science education…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Hands on Science, Inquiry, Learning
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