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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
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Snyder, Elise; Golightly, Amy F. – Education, 2017
Reading is a skill that is necessary to be successful both academically and professionally in today's society. Thus, it is essential that educators work with students to develop their reading skills and help them become proficient readers (Otto, 2008). This study concurrently implemented a phonics-based reading intervention and a sight-word…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Case Studies, Reading Instruction
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Poch, Apryl L.; Lembke, Erica S. – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2017
According to the Simple View of Writing, four primary skills are necessary for successful writing (Berninger & Amtmann, 2003; Berninger & Winn, 2006). Transcription skills (e.g., handwriting, spelling) represent lower-order cognitive tasks, whereas text generation skills (e.g., ideation, translation) represent higher-order…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Factor Analysis
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Goodman, Laura R.; Corkum, Penny; Johnson, Shannon A. – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2017
Background: Cognitive differences, including deficits in self-awareness, are common in high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and represent a fruitful target for intervention. The current project presents the preliminary research undertaken in the development of metacognitive training (MCT), an intervention designed to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Metacognition
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Van Den Heuvel, Ellen; Manders, Eric; Swillen, Ann; Zink, Inge – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2017
Background: Children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) are reported to have socio-communicative impairments. Although many of these children are diagnosed with intellectual disability (ID) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), these populations are seldom used as control groups. Hence, information regarding syndrome-specific…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Communication Problems, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Communication
Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Lang; Young, Christopher J.; Hambrick, David Z.; Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Grantee Submission, 2017
In a previous study, Mix et al. (2016) reported that spatial skill and mathematics were composed of 2 highly correlated, domain-specific factors, with a few cross-domain loadings. The overall structure was consistent across grade (kindergarten, 3rd grade, 6th grade), but the cross-domain loadings varied with age. The present study sought to…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Grade 3
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Donnelly, James P.; Lopata, Christopher; Jordan, Allyson K.; Thomeer, Marcus L.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; McDonald, Christin A.; Nelson, Andrew T. – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2018
This study compared ratings by parents and teachers of 120 high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder on the Social Responsiveness Scale-2. Parent ratings were significantly higher than those of teachers; correlations between the informants were low to moderate. Parent--teacher pairs placed 87% of cases above the clinically…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Parent Attitudes
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Mikami, Amori Yee; Münch, Lisa Pauline; Hudec, Kristen L. – Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2018
We examined the extent to which children's skilled understanding and production of appropriate language (verbal ability) may relate to their peer functioning. Participants included two independent samples of children with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; Study 1, N = 124; Study 2, N = 137) who were administered a…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Gender Differences, Verbal Ability, Clinical Diagnosis
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Holahan, John M.; Ferrer, Emilio; Shaywitz, Bennett A.; Rock, Donald A.; Kirsch, Irwin S.; Yamamoto, Kentaro; Michaels, Reissa; Marchione, Karen E.; Shaywitz, Sally E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
We systematically assessed the relationships between growth of four components of verbal ability--Information, Similarities, Vocabulary, and Comprehension subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale-Revised--and longitudinal growth from Grades 1 to 9 of the Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-Educational Battery Passage Comprehension subtest while controlling…
Descriptors: Student Development, Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension, Verbal Ability
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Weismer, Susan Ellis; Kaushanskaya, Margarita; Larson, Caroline; Mathée, Janine; Bolt, Daniel – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: This article reviews research on executive function (EF) skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the relation between EF and language abilities. The current study assessed EF using nonverbal tasks of inhibition, shifting, and updating of working memory (WM) in school-age children with ASD. It also evaluated the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Skills
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Curcic, Svjetlana; Johnstone, Robin S. – Computers in the Schools, 2016
This study examined the effects of an intervention in writing with digital interactive books. To improve the writing skills of seventh- and eighth-grade students with a learning disability in reading, we conducted a quasi-experimental study in which the students read interactive digital books (i-books), took notes, wrote summaries, and acted as…
Descriptors: Intervention, Writing Skills, Learning Disabilities, Cartoons
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Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas; Lervåg, Arne Olav; Hulme, Charles – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2016
We evaluated the effect of morphological awareness training delivered in preschool (8 months before school entry) on reading ability at the end of grade 1 and 5 years later (in Grade 6). In preschool, one group of children received morphological awareness training, while a second group received phonological awareness training. A control group…
Descriptors: Reading, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Control Groups
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Mandy, William; Murin, Marianna; Baykaner, Ozlem; Staunton, Sara; Cobb, Robert; Hellriegel, Josselyn; Anderson, Seonaid; Skuse, David – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
In mainstream education, the transition from primary to secondary school ("school transition") is difficult for children with autism spectrum disorder, being marked by high levels of emotional and behavioural difficulties. The Systemic Transition in Education Programme for Autism Spectrum Disorder (STEP-ASD) is a new, manualised school…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Van Gerven, Pascal W. M.; Hurks, Petra P. M.; Bovend'Eerdt, Thamar J. H.; Adam, Jos J. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
We investigated the effects of age on proactive and reactive cognitive control in a large population sample of 809 individuals, ranging in age between 5 and 97 years. For that purpose, we used an anticue paradigm, which required a consistent remapping of cue location and response hand: Left-sided cues required right-hand responses and vice versa.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Age Differences, Reaction Time, Handedness
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Sumner, Emma; Leonard, Hayley C.; Hill, Elisabeth L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Motor and social difficulties are often found in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), to varying degrees. This study investigated the extent of overlap of these problems in children aged 7-10 years who had a diagnosis of either ASD or DCD, compared to typically-developing controls.…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Interpersonal Competence
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