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Miller, Delyana I.; Davidson, Patrick S. R.; Schindler, Dwayne; Messier, Claude – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2013
New editions of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence and Memory scales are now available. Yet, given the significant changes in these new releases and the skepticism that has met them, independent evidence on their psychometric properties is much needed but currently lacking. We administered the WAIS-IV and the Older Adult version of the WMS-IV to 145…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Older Adults, Measures (Individuals), Memory
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Silva, Katiane L.; Guimaraes-da-Silva, Paula O.; Grevet, Eugenio H.; Victor, Marcelo M.; Salgado, Carlos A. I.; Vitola, Eduardo S.; Mota, Nina R.; Fischer, Aline G.; Contini, Veronica; Picon, Felipe A.; Karam, Rafael G.; Belmonte-de-Abreu, Paulo; Rohde, Luis A.; Bau, Claiton H. D. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2013
Objective: This study addresses if deficits in cognitive, attention, and inhibitory control performance in adults with ADHD are better explained by the disorder itself or by comorbid conditions. Method Adult patients with ADHD ("n" = 352) and controls ("n" = 94) were evaluated in the ADHD program of a tertiary hospital. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Ability, Adults, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Skebo, Crysten M.; Lewis, Barbara A.; Freebairn, Lisa A.; Tag, Jessica; Ciesla, Allison Avrich; Stein, Catherine M. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2013
Purpose: The relationship between phonological awareness, overall language, vocabulary, and nonlinguistic cognitive skills to decoding and reading comprehension was examined for students at 3 stages of literacy development (i.e., early elementary school, middle school, and high school). Students with histories of speech sound disorders (SSD) with…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Reading Skills, Language Skills, Vocabulary
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Skues, Jason L.; Cunningham, Everarda G. – Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 2013
This study examined the validity of using teacher-administered educational and intelligence tests to screen students for learning disabilities (LDs). Twenty-seven Technical and Further Education (TAFE) students from regional Victoria who were enrolled in a program that was designed to reconnect school dropouts with education via TAFE participated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities, Disability Identification, Screening Tests
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Cepeda, Nicholas J.; Blackwell, Katharine A.; Munakata, Yuko – Developmental Science, 2013
The rate at which people process information appears to influence many aspects of cognition across the lifespan. However, many commonly accepted measures of "processing speed" may require goal maintenance, manipulation of information in working memory, and decision-making, blurring the distinction between processing speed and executive…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Individual Differences, Short Term Memory, Decision Making
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Lovett, Benjamin J.; Sparks, Richard L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013
Much has been written about gifted students with learning disabilities, but there have been few large-scale empirical investigations, and the concept has proven controversial. The authors reviewed the available empirical literature on these students, focusing on (a) the criteria by which the students were identified and (b) the students'…
Descriptors: Gifted Disabled, Learning Disabilities, Disability Identification, Standardized Tests
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Farris, Jaelyn; Burke Lefever, Jennifer E.; Borkowski, John G.; Whitman, Thomas L. – Early Education and Development, 2013
Research Findings: This study investigated the joint influence of maternal cognitive readiness to parent and children's self-esteem on children's academic achievement and behavioral adjustment in the classroom at age 10. Participants were 153 adolescent mothers and their firstborn children. Findings indicated that low levels of prenatal maternal…
Descriptors: Mothers, Readiness, Parent Attitudes, Self Esteem
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Ready, Rebecca E.; Chaudhry, Maheen F.; Schatz, Kelly C.; Strazzullo, Sarah – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013
There are few tests that assess reading comprehension in adults, but these tests are needed for a comprehensive assessment of reading disorders (RD). "The Nelson-Denny Reading Test" (NDRT) has a long-passage reading comprehension component that can be used with adolescents and adults. A problem with the NDRT is that reading comprehension…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties, Intelligence Quotient
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Harper, Sarah K.; Webb, Thomas L.; Rayner, Kelly – Behavior Modification, 2013
A number of studies have used mindfulness-based interventions to influence the behavior of people with intellectual disabilities, to improve their quality of life, and to reduce challenging behavior. The present review critically evaluates 18 studies and assesses the clinical and academic impact of their findings. Strengths identified included…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Intervention, Mental Retardation, Quality of Life
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Huang, Hung-Yu; Wang, Wen-Chung – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
Both testlet design and hierarchical latent traits are fairly common in educational and psychological measurements. This study aimed to develop a new class of higher order testlet response models that consider both local item dependence within testlets and a hierarchy of latent traits. Due to high dimensionality, the authors adopted the Bayesian…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Models, Bayesian Statistics, Computation
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McCrimmon, Adam W.; Smith, Amanda D. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2013
The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II; Wechsler, 2011), published by Pearson, is a newly updated abbreviated measure of cognitive intelligence designed for individuals 6 to 90 years of age. Primarily used in clinical, psychoeducational, and research settings, the WASI-II was developed to quickly and accurately…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Testing, Masters Degrees, Doctoral Degrees
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Hill, Benjamin D.; Musso, Mandi; Jones, Glenn N.; Pella, Russell D.; Gouvier, Wm. Drew – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2013
A psychometric evaluation on the measurement of self-report anxiety and depression using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Form-Y (STAI-Y), and the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) was performed using a sample of 534 generally young adults seeking psychoeducational evaluation at a university-based clinic.…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Measures (Individuals), Measurement Techniques
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Soubelet, Andrea – Educational Gerontology, 2013
The goal of the current project was to examine whether engaging in social activity may moderate or mediate the relation between age and cognitive functioning. A large age range sample of adults performed a variety of cognitive tests and completed a social activities questionnaire. Results did not support the moderator hypothesis, as age…
Descriptors: Educational Gerontology, Role, Social Cognition, Models
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Missett, Tracy C. – Roeper Review, 2013
Researchers of the gifted have traditionally advanced the theory, though they are often without data to support it, that an association between intellectual and/or creative giftedness and mood disorders exists. This assumed association is often referred to as the "mad genius theory." This article explores the origins and development of…
Descriptors: Gifted, Psychological Patterns, Mental Disorders, Correlation
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Bhide, Adeetee; Power, Alan; Goswami, Usha – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2013
There is growing evidence that children with reading difficulties show impaired auditory rhythm perception and impairments in musical beat perception tasks. Rhythmic musical interventions with poorer readers may thus improve rhythmic entrainment and consequently improve reading and phonological skills. Here we compare the effects of a musical…
Descriptors: Music Activities, Reading Difficulties, Reading Skills, Intervention
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