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Dabrowska, Ewa – Language Learning, 2019
This study compares the performance of native speakers and adult second language (L2) learners on tasks tapping proficiency in grammar, vocabulary, and collocations. In addition, data were collected on several predictors of individual differences in linguistic attainment, including some related to language experience (print exposure, education,…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning, Phrase Structure
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Karayayla, Tugba; Schmid, Monika S. – Language Learning, 2019
This investigation aimed to provide insights into the controversial debate on the role that age at onset of bilingualism plays in human language capacity with a focus on what it entails for first language (L1) attrition. L1 performance of Turkish immigrants (n = 57) in the United Kingdom with age at onset ranging between 7 and 34 years was…
Descriptors: Native Language, Language Skill Attrition, Second Language Learning, Age Differences
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Heitmann, Christina; Deutsch, Roland – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Sequential effects in conflict processing (postconflict slowing and conflict adaptation) have primarily been studied in stimulus-response compatibility (SRC) tasks. Moreover, results obtained in SRC paradigms are often proposed as a model of higher-level motivational conflicts. The authors present 3 experiments suggesting that motivational…
Descriptors: Ethics, Conflict, Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Processes
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Stengel, Barbara S. – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2019
Here I craft a case for recognizing the roots and patterns that ground the possibility of contemporary com-posting--as outlined in Donna Haraway's Staying with the Trouble--by New Materialists and critical pragmatists, especially those who are affected by the social injustices and ill-advised practices of today's formal education. I explore both…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, World Views, Ethics, Affective Behavior
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Welsh, Richard O. – Urban Education, 2019
Although state-run turnaround districts have grown in prominence as a school improvement strategy with significant equity implications for urban education, little is known about the similarities and differences across states. This article provides a comparative analysis of state-run takeover districts in Louisiana, Tennessee, and Georgia. Although…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Academic Achievement, State School District Relationship, School Districts
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Kunesh, Claire E.; Noltemeyer, Amity – Urban Education, 2019
The disproportionate discipline of Black male students is a pervasive problem in U.S. schools. To examine the role of stereotypes in disciplinary disproportionality, pre-service teachers were randomly assigned to read a vignette about a defiant student. Those who read a vignette about a Black student believed that the student was more likely to…
Descriptors: Males, African American Students, Vignettes, Preservice Teachers
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Tarai, Shashikanta; Mukherjee, Rupsha; Qurratul, Quais Ain; Singh, Bikesh Kumar; Bit, Arindam – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
Use of prosocial language enhances human cooperation and harmony. Previous research has shown that talking about helping, sharing and giving to others creates positive impression on others, by which individuals and governments gain public approval. So far, the value judgement of approval and disapproval in terms of prosocial or antisocial has not…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Prosocial Behavior, Helping Relationship, Value Judgment
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Lu, Aitao; Wang, Lu; Guo, Yuyang; Zeng, Jiahong; Zheng, Dongping; Wang, Xiaolu; Shao, Yulan; Wang, Ruiming – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
The current study investigated the mechanism of language switching in unbalanced visual unimodal bilinguals as well as balanced and unbalanced bimodal bilinguals during a picture naming task. All three groups exhibited significant switch costs across two languages, with symmetrical switch cost in balanced bimodal bilinguals and asymmetrical switch…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Language Proficiency, Pictorial Stimuli
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Dennison, Andrea; Hall, Susan P.; Leal, Jesi; Madres, Deidre Awtry – Contemporary School Psychology, 2019
How do school professionals distinguish between social, communication, and behavioral differences observed in typically developing English language learners (ELLs) and those ELL students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)? Informed consideration is necessary to avoid inaccurate identification and to ensure appropriate supports are provided;…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, English Language Learners, Behavior Patterns
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You, JeongAe; Craig, Cheryl J.; Oh, Suhak – Quest, 2019
This article explores the current state and new roles of physical education as liberal education (PELE) in higher education. Recently, there has been growing discontent with PELE due to program redundancy and lack of educational power in higher education. However, little attention has been given to how to reconstruct PELE in higher education. To…
Descriptors: Role, Physical Education, General Education, Higher Education
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Munkhaugen, Ellen Kathrine; Torske, Tonje; Gjevik, Elen; Naerland, Terje; Pripp, Are Hugo; Diseth, Trond H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Zhou, Vanessa; Munson, Jeffrey A.; Greenson, Jessica; Hou, Yan; Rogers, Sally; Estes, Annette M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Early Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Keen, Deb; Adams, Dawn; Simpson, Kate; den Houting, Jacquiline; Roberts, Jacqueline – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Anxiety symptomatology is frequently reported in autistic children, and the prevalence of anxiety disorder is estimated at around 40%. However, most studies have focused upon children of age 8 years or above, so little is known about early signs of anxiety in younger children with autism. This study sought to describe anxiety-related…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Mahoney, John W.; Harris-Reeves, Brooke – Active Learning in Higher Education, 2019
Collaborative testing has been shown to enhance student performance compared to individual testing. It is suggested that collaborative testing promotes higher order thinking, but research has yet to explore this assumption directly. The aim of this study was to explore the benefits of collaborative testing on overall performance, as well as…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, College Science, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries
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Stylianides, Andreas J. – Review of Education, 2019
Prior research showed that many secondary students fail to construct arguments that meet the standard of proof in mathematics. However, this research tended to use survey methods and only consider students presenting their perceived proofs in written form. The limited use of observation methods and the lack of consideration of students presenting…
Descriptors: Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Students, Mathematical Logic, Validity
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