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Journal of School Health3260
Showing 196 to 210 of 3,260 results Save | Export
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Kise, Saori S.; Hopkins, Amanda; Burke, Sandra – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is one of the most common metabolic diseases in children worldwide and the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is growing. T1D is complicated to manage and adolescents with diabetes face unique, age-specific challenges. The purpose of this article is to discuss ways in which schools can create a positive…
Descriptors: Diabetes, Metabolism, Adolescents, Educational Environment
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Polacsek, Michele; O'Brien, Liam M.; Pratt, Elizabeth; Whatley-Blum, Janet; Adler, Sabrina – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Limiting food and beverage marketing to children is a promising approach to influence children's nutrition behavior. School-based marketing influences nutrition behavior and studies have consistently found marketing for nonnutritious foods and beverages in schools. No studies have examined the resources necessary to align school…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Marketing, Student Recruitment, Federal Government
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Schlechter, Chelsey R.; Rosenkranz, Richard R.; Fees, Bronwyn S.; Dzewaltowski, David A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Preschool children are recommended to spend at least 15 minutes/hour (25% time) in light-to-vigorous physical activity (total physical activity, TPA). Preschool provider practices, such as whether children are put in small group or whole-group activities, are likely to affect children's TPA levels during preschool. The current study…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Physical Activities, Geographic Location, Social Environment
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Coker, Ann L.; Bush, Heather M.; Follingstad, Diane R.; Brancato, Candace J. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. Methods: In this cohort study of 3,006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. Results: About 65%…
Descriptors: Incidence, Weapons, Family Environment, High School Seniors
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Gower, Amy L.; Cousin, Molly; Borowsky, Iris W. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Although nearly all states in the United States require school districts to adopt anti-bullying policies, little research examines the effect of these policies on student bullying and health. Using a statewide sample, we investigated associations between the quality of school district anti-bullying policies and student bullying…
Descriptors: Bullying, Board of Education Policy, School Districts, Student Behavior
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Fleary, Sasha A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Several studies have used latent class analyses to explore obesogenic behaviors and substance use in adolescents independently. We explored a variety of health risks jointly to identify distinct patterns of risk behaviors among adolescents. Methods: Latent class models were estimated using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Obesity, Physical Activity Level, Risk
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Elkins, Rebecca L.; King, Keith; Nabors, Laura; Vidourek, Rebecca – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Steroid use among adolescents is an increasing health concern. Literature examining factors related to steroid use is limited. Methods: We investigated steroid use among 9th through 12th grade adolescents in the Greater Cincinnati area. A total of 38,414 adolescents completed the PRIDE Questionnaire. Associations between demographics,…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, High School Students, Health Behavior, Questionnaires
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Choi, Jeong-Sil; Kim, Ji-Soo – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We explored the relationship between body mass index-for-age percentile, body image distortion, and unnecessary weight loss efforts in Korean adolescent girls who are underweight and normal weight and examined the mediating effect of body image distortion on weight loss efforts. Methods: This study used data from the 2013 Korea Youth…
Descriptors: Human Body, Self Concept, Correlation, Body Weight
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Thorrington, Dominic; Balasegaram, Sooria; Cleary, Paul; Hay, Catherine; Eames, Ken – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Influenza is a cause of considerable morbidity in England, particularly among children. A total of 39% of all influenza-attributable general practitioner consultations and 37% of all influenza-attributable hospital admissions occur in those aged under 15 years. Few studies have quantified the impact of influenza outbreaks on families.…
Descriptors: Diseases, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Foreign Countries
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Ihongbe, Timothy O.; Cha, Susan; Masho, Saba W. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV…
Descriptors: High School Students, Sexuality, Dating (Social), Sexual Abuse
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Demissie, Zewditu; Brener, Nancy – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Mental health conditions among youth are a major concern. Schools can play an important role in supporting students affected by these conditions. This study examined district-level school health policies related to mental health and social services to determine if they varied by district demographic characteristics. Methods: The School…
Descriptors: Demography, School Districts, Educational Policy, School Policy
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Hamari, Lotta; Heinonen, Olli J.; Aromaa, Minna; Asanti, Riitta; Koivusilta, Leena; Koski, Pasi; Laaksonen, Camilla; Matomäki, Jaakko; Pahkala, Katja; Pakarinen, Anni; Suominen, Sakari; Salanterä, Sanna – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: The basis of self-perceived physical competence is built in childhood and school personnel have an important role in this developmental process. We investigated the association between initial self-perceived physical competence and reported leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) longitudinally in 10-, 12-, and 15-year-old children.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preadolescents, Early Adolescents, Elementary School Students
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Pool, Andrew C.; Patterson, Freda; Luna, Ingrid Y.; Hohl, Bernadette; Bauer, Katherine W. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Youth violence reduction is a public health priority, yet few studies have examined secular trends in violence among urban youth, who may be particularly vulnerable to numerous forms of violence. This study examines 10-year secular trends in the prevalence of violence-related behaviors among Philadelphia high school students. Methods:…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Risk, Violence, Trend Analysis
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Walsh-Buhi, Eric R.; Dao, Brandon; Salgin, Linda; Marshall, James; Miller, Rachel; Fisher, Doug; Walsh-Buhi, Margaret – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Schools can address critical sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among youth. However, little is known about SRH education being implemented in charter schools. Thus, our purpose was to explore implementation of SRH education in charter schools. Methods: Using purposive sampling, semistructured telephone interviews were…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sex Education, Health Education
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Valois, Robert F.; Zullig, Keith J.; Revels, Asa A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). Methods: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Student Behavior, Aggression
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