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Wijekumar, Kausalai; Beerwinkle, Andrea L.; Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – Annals of Dyslexia, 2019
The purpose of this research was to study the etiology of teacher knowledge about and factors that influence implementation of evidence-based reading and writing interventions at the upper elementary grade levels. Five data sources are used in this study: first, we used teacher surveys about their pre-service preparation on reading comprehension…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Grade 4, Grade 5, Teacher Characteristics
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Fishman, Evan; Houston, Julia; Wijekumar, Kausalai; Lei, Pui-Wa; Ray, Amber B. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study tested whether writing skills, knowledge, motivation, and strategic behaviors (within the context of robust writing instruction) each made a statistically unique contribution to predicting fifth-grade students' (123 girls, 104 boys) composition quality and length on a persuasive writing task involving source material, after variance due…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Knowledge Level, Student Motivation, Student Behavior
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de Smedt, Fien; Graham, Steve; Van Keer, Hilde – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The authors investigated the impact of explicit instruction and peer-assisted writing on students' writing motivation and self-efficacy for writing. Eleven teachers and their 206 fifth- and sixth-grade students participated in a 2 (explicit instruction vs. writing opportunities without explicit instruction) × 2 (peer-assisted writing vs. writing…
Descriptors: Writing Attitudes, Direct Instruction, Self Efficacy, Grade 5
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Beard, Keith – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Studies that specifically test the effectiveness of instructional procedures for improving the writing of young African American males who experience difficulty learning to write are almost nonexistent. Although writing intervention studies include these children, researchers rarely disaggregate their data to determine whether the writing…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, African American Students, Males, Evidence Based Practice
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Graham, Steve – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article presents a revised version of the writer(s)-within-community model of writing. Writing is conceptualized as a social activity situated within specific writing communities. Writing in these communities is accomplished by its members. The model proposes that writing is simultaneously shaped and bound by the characteristics, capacity,…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Communities of Practice, Collaborative Writing, Models
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Adkins, Mary – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
The impact of supplemental handwriting and spelling instruction on learning to write was examined in an experimental study with first grade students who were not acquiring these skills as rapidly as their classmates. Thirty students (16 boys, 14 girls) were randomly assigned to a handwriting and spelling instructional condition or a phonological…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Spelling Instruction, Phonological Awareness, Accuracy
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Graham, Steve – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
Handwriting is still a prominent mode for composing for both children and adults As a result, it is important that developing writers acquire fluent and legible handwriting. This article examines the five investigations that were presented in this special issue on handwriting instruction, providing a summary of their collective contributions as…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing Instruction, Writing (Composition), Investigations
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Hsiang, Tien Ping; Graham, Steve; Wong, Ping Man – Reading Research Quarterly, 2018
A random sample of 1,313 grades 7-9 Chinese language arts teachers in Shanghai, Hong Kong, Macao, and Taipei were surveyed about their instructional writing practices. When asked about their college, inservice, and personal preparation, three out of four teachers indicated that they were poorly prepared to teach writing. They were slightly…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Chinese, Sociocultural Patterns, Foreign Countries
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Graham, Steve; Liu, Xinghua; Aitken, Angelique; Ng, Clarence; Bartlett, Brendan; Harris, Karen R.; Holzapfel, Jennifer – Reading Research Quarterly, 2018
Reading and writing are critical to students' success in and outside of school. Because they draw on common sources of knowledge and cognitive processes, involve meaning making, and can be used conjointly to accomplish important learning goals, it is often recommended that reading and writing should be taught together. This meta-analysis tested…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Program Evaluation, Statistical Analysis, Reading Comprehension
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Graham, Steve; Liu, Xinghua; Bartlett, Brendan; Ng, Clarence; Harris, Karen R.; Aitken, Angelique; Barkel, Ashley; Kavanaugh, Colin; Talukdar, Joy – Review of Educational Research, 2018
This meta-analysis examined if students' writing performance is improved by reading interventions in studies (k = 54 experiments; 5,018 students) where students were taught how to read and studies (k = 36 investigations; 3,060 students) where students' interaction with words or text was increased through reading or observing others read. Studies…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Intervention, Reading Programs, Writing Instruction
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Graham, Steve; Daley, Samantha G.; Aitken, Angelique A.; Harris, Karen R.; Robinson, Kristin H. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
Individual differences in motivational beliefs, such as writing efficacy and attitudes toward writing in different contexts (academic, recreational, print or digital), are hypothesised to account for variability in writing performance. This study tested this proposition with 185 middle school students (58% were male), examining if writing…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Writing Skills, Self Efficacy, Writing Attitudes
Wolbers, Kimberly; Dostal, Hannah; Graham, Steve; Branum-Martin, Lee; Kilpatrick, Jennifer; Saulsburry, Rachel – Grantee Submission, 2018
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to examine the impact of Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction on 3rd-5th grade deaf and hard of hearing students' writing and written language compared to a business-as-usual condition (treatment group N = 41, comparison group N = 22). A total of 18 hours of instruction was provided for each of two…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Graham, Steve; Collins, Alyson A.; Rigby-Wills, Hope – Exceptional Children, 2017
There is a general consensus that writing is a challenging task for students with learning disabilities (LD). To identify more precisely the extent and depth of the challenges that these students experience with writing, the authors conducted a meta-analysis comparing the writing performance of students with LD to their typically achieving peers.…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Writing (Composition), Meta Analysis, Effect Size
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Gillespie Rouse, Amy; Graham, Steve; Compton, Donald – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
In this study, we randomly assigned 69 Grade 4 students to a writing-to-learn treatment (n = 23), comparison (n = 23), or no-treatment control (n = 23). Treatment and comparison students completed a science experiment involving balance. During the experiment, treatment students wrote four short responses and an extended response to document their…
Descriptors: Content Area Writing, Grade 4, Elementary School Science, Science Experiments
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Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve; Aitken, A. Angelique; Barkel, Ashley; Houston, Julia; Ray, Amber – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
Students with disabilities often find writing extremely challenging (Harris & Graham, 2016). Special educators can, however, promote tremendous gains in students' ability to write by understanding common challenges students face and mastering specific teaching techniques. Students' writing success depends on reducing how much attention and…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Reading Instruction, Writing Instruction, Spelling
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