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Donohue, Kerri; Buck, Gayle A.; Akerson, Valarie – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
The purpose for this self-study was to explore the theoretical and practical understandings of scientific inquiry inherent in our elementary teacher preparation program, specifically those of new instructors. Although scientific inquiry and inquiry-based learning are emphasized in our program, several new instructors, doctoral students hired to…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Theory Practice Relationship, Inquiry
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Cardona Mejía, Liliana Maria; Pardo del Val, Manuela; Dasí Coscollar, Maria del S. Àngels – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
This article deals with the institutional theory and isomorphism, from the processes of organizational change in higher education institutions. In a first phase, we analyze, through a questionnaire, the situations and causes of change in higher education institutions (HEI), more precisely in the field knowledge of Physical Education in Colombia.…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Physical Education
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Kalogeropoulos, Penelope; Russo, James A.; Sullivan, Peter; Klooger, Michele; Gunningham, Sue – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2020
This paper outlines a tutoring initiative intended to re-engage students who have become alienated from mathematics class at school. The initiative is focused on priming students for their subsequent mathematics lessons, and is referred to as "Getting Ready in Numeracy" (G.R.I.N.). Following a discussion outlining the principles of…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Mathematics Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Numeracy
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Nyangau, Josiah Zachary – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
As higher education in the United States has experienced a proliferation of internationalization activities, there has been a steady stream of studies directed at understanding institutional rationales for internationalization. Further, an emerging body of research seeks to understand faculty motivations of international involvement. However,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, International Education, College Faculty, Teacher Motivation
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Gay, A. Susan; Barry, Arlene L.; Rothrock, Katrina S.; Pelkey, Melissa M. – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
A survey of 80 United States middle and high school mathematics student teachers gathered data on availability and use of textbooks and traditional and technology-supported instructional strategies. Findings about textbooks include (1) most classrooms had one or more textbook formats (print, digital or e-textbook) available but did not necessarily…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Student Teachers, Middle Schools, High Schools
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Lahcen, Rachid Ait Maalem; Mohapatra, Ram – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
Requiring that students enrolled in college algebra to spend hours in a computer lab has been a practice in colleges and universities to improve success and retention. In part, because students come with different backgrounds, skills, and the computer lab environment allows for personalized supplemental instruction and tutoring. However, the way…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Motivation, College Mathematics, Algebra
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Mataka, Lloyd; Taibu, Rex – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
A quasi-experimental control group pre- and post-test study was used to determine the effect of a Multi-Step Inquiry (MSI) approach on pre-service elementary school teacher's conceptual understanding. The MSI study involved the development of a conceptual workbook, and a Physical Science Concept Inventory. The conceptual workbook has activities…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Student Improvement
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Murphy, Laurie; Eduljee, Nina B.; Croteau, Karen; Parkman, Suzanne – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
This empirical study examined the relationship between Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality types and preferred teaching methods for 507 Saint Joseph's College of Maine undergraduate students. The students completed two instruments: the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®, Form M (Myers, McCaulley, Quenk, & Hammer, 1998), and a 27-item…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Teaching Methods, Preferences, Undergraduate Students
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Cole, Brian S.; Lima-Walton, Elia; Brunnert, Kim; Vesey, Winona Burt; Raha, Kaushik – Journal of Applied Testing Technology, 2020
Automatic item generation can rapidly generate large volumes of exam items, but this creates challenges for assembly of exams which aim to include syntactically diverse items. First, we demonstrate a diminishing marginal syntactic return for automatic item generation using a saturation detection approach. This analysis can help users of automatic…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Automation, Test Construction, Test Items
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Hodge, Kari J.; Morgan, Grant B. – Journal of Applied Testing Technology, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine the use of a misspecified calibration model and its impact on proficiency classification. Monte Carlo simulation methods were employed to compare competing models when the true structure of the data is known (i.e., testlet conditions). The conditions used in the design (e.g., number of items, testlet to…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Accuracy, Decision Making, Classification
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van Groen, Maaike M.; Eggen, Theo J. H. M. – Journal of Applied Testing Technology, 2020
When developing a digital test, one of the first decisions that need to be made is which type of Computer-Based Test (CBT) to develop. Six different CBT types are considered here: linear tests, automatically generated tests, computerized adaptive tests, adaptive learning environments, educational simulations, and educational games. The selection…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Formative Evaluation, Summative Evaluation, Adaptive Testing
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Bickford, John H.; Hendrickson, Ryan C. – Social Studies, 2020
This article presents a guided inquiry into Thomas Jefferson's place in American memory. It centers on Jefferson's liberty-based articulations and his involvement in slavery, which are paradoxical when juxtaposed. Evocative primary sources and competing secondary sources ground the inquiry. Discipline-specific strategies direct students through…
Descriptors: Presidents, Slavery, Social Studies, History Instruction
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Obiagu, Adaobiagu N.; Mezieobi, Daniel I.; Aroh, Patricia N.; Akubue, Felicia N. – Social Studies, 2020
This study tested the effect of cooperative concept mapping on knowledge achievement and transfer in peace education on 159 social studies students using a quasi-experimental research design. Four intact classes-two each in rural and urban areas-were randomly assigned to experimental and control conditions, and two instruments-Peace Education…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Concept Mapping, Misconceptions, Academic Achievement
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Bickford, John H.; Clabough, Jeremiah – Social Studies, 2020
In this article, the authors discuss how to explore the agency of ordinary citizens using local institutions to combat Jim Crow segregation laws during Freedom Summer. Primary sources from Miami (OH) University website about Freedom Summer and Susan Goldman Rubin's trade book ground the inquiry. Through the series of activities discussed, middle…
Descriptors: Advocacy, Citizen Participation, Middle School Students, Primary Sources
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Mein, Erika; Esquinca, Alberto; Monarrez, Angelica; Saldaña, Claudia – Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 2020
This study draws on sociocultural perspectives of identity to understand the ways in which Mexican-origin undergraduate students are recruited into the "figured world" of engineering. The analysis of in-depth, ethnographically situated interviews with 14 participants revealed three sets of recurrent discourses in students' accounts of…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Mexican Americans, Engineering Education, Occupational Aspiration
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