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Ferreyra, Cecilia; de Loe, Rob C.; Kreutzwiser, Reid D. – Journal of Rural Studies, 2008
Integrated water resources management is one of the major bottom-up alternatives that emerged during the 1980s in North America as part of the trend towards more holistic and participatory styles of environmental governance. It aims to protect surface and groundwater resources by focusing on the integrated and collaborative management of land and…
Descriptors: Water, Natural Resources, Governance, Water Quality
de Guzman, Sylvia – Asian-South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education, 2007
The Civil Society Network for Education Reforms (E-Net Philippines), a network of organizations pushing for Education for All, believes that years of underinvestment and neglect of the public education system have caused the country's dismal education performance. This critique provided a framework for engaging with DepEd and the Legislature,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Education, Access to Education, Educationally Disadvantaged
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Winther, Malene Brandt; Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase – Journal of Rural Studies, 2012
The popularity of a particular term--the Rotten Banana--has paralleled the one-sided centralisation of public services since the Danish Municipal Reform of 2007. The Rotten Banana denotes peripheral Denmark, which takes a geographically curved form that resembles a banana, and it symbolises the belief that rural areas are backward and (too)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Areas, Centralization, Public Policy
de Castro, Marta Luz Sisson; Menezes, Janaina S. S. – 2002
Brazil has one of the most inequitable income distributions in the world, and schools perpetuate the processes of social exclusion. This paper examines processes of social exclusion in the municipal elementary schools of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Interviews with municipal superintendents focused on the schools' welfare services,…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Ancillary School Services, Disadvantaged, Elementary Education
Da Silva Pires, Hindenburg – 1969
As part of Brazil's over-all reform of its educational system, the government's Department of Planning and Coordination, Economic and Social Welfare Bureau, published this report of the indirect grants given to national educational programs by private funds. There are 31 groups represented as contributors including professional and trade…
Descriptors: Community Organizations, Educational Benefits, Educational Change, Educational Development
Wolff, Laurence – 1970
This study, exploring why first grade children from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, fail in school, utilized computerized techniques of statistical analysis to measure the relationships of various school and family characteristics with student achievement. Four types of schools--urban state, rural state, municipal, and private--were used to test the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Educational Environment, Educational Policy
GREENSPAN, STEPHEN H. – 1968
PART OF A LONG-TERM STUDY OF CITY-COUNTY FISCAL RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN MONROE COUNTY, THIS REPORT IS CONCERNED SOLELY WITH PUBLIC POLICY, ESPECIALLY IN THE CONTEXT OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT AND STRUCTURAL ADEQUACY. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY WAS TO DEFINE THE AREAS OF FINANCIAL NEED AND TO RELATE THESE TO THE OVER-ALL OBJECTIVES OF THE LIBRARY…
Descriptors: Centralization, Contracts, Decentralization, Financial Needs