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ERIC Number: EJ999842
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1062-1024
Delay of Gratification in Two- and Three-Year-Olds: Associations with Attachment, Personality, and Temperament
Mittal, Renu; Russell, Beth S.; Britner, Preston A.; Peake, Philip K.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v22 n4 p479-489 May 2013
Delay of gratification in young children has been linked to long-term behavioral and academic outcomes. This study explored temperament, personality, and child-parent attachment as possible associates of delay ability. The sample consisted of 50 2- and 3-year-old children and their primary caregivers. Two laboratory tasks, the Preschool Strange Situation and the newly created Gift Delay Task, were conducted on separate occasions to assess child-parent attachment and delay of gratification, respectively. Parents and preschool teachers completed child temperament (EASI-III) and personality (California Child Q-Set) questionnaires. Based on the award-oriented behavior in the Gift Delay Task, children were classified into three groups: Delay (20%), Touch and Go (i.e., approached the gift, but demonstrated some delay ability; 46%), and Non Delay (34 %). Reports on activity, impulsivity, decision time, negative emotionality, over-control, and affect were found to be associated with delay ability. The association between child-parent attachment and delay was not statistically significant, but an interesting trend emerged. A larger percentage of Non Delayers were rated as Insecure-Ambivalent ("C"), and more Delayers were rated as Securely attached ("B"). Implications for behavioral interventions focused on parental support and scaffolding are discussed.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: service-ny@springer.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: California Child Q Set