ERIC Number: EJ999661
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Who Gets Designated a Terrorist and Why?
Beck, Colin J.; Miner, Emily
Social Forces, v91 n3 p837-872 Mar 2013
This study examines formal terrorism designations by governments through the lens of organization studies research on categorization processes. It is argued that designations hinge on markers from the organizational profile of a militant group. Using cross-sectional data on militant organizations and designations by the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Union, multivariate analyses find that listed organizations do not merely have a track record of violence against a government's citizens, but also tend to target aviation and have an Islamic ideological basis. Mixed support for geopolitical factors is found, but imageries of hegemonic interest are not confirmed. Secondary analyses suggest that newer images of terrorism may replace older ones in classification schemes but further research is needed to know whether this is because of policy adaptation or the effect of spectacular events like September 11th.
Descriptors: Terrorism, Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Classification, Profiles, Organizations (Groups), Case Studies, Multivariate Analysis, Violence, Islam, Ideology, Political Influences, Geography
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: European Union; United Kingdom; United States