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ERIC Number: EJ999590
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1058-0360
Can Semantic Enrichment Lead to Naming in a Word Extension Task?
Singleton, Nina Capone
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, v21 n4 p279-292 Nov 2012
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between semantic enrichment and naming in children asked to extend taught words to untrained exemplars. Method: Sixteen typically developing children ( M = 32.63 months, SD = 4.02) participated in 3 word learning conditions that varied semantic enrichment via iconic (shape, function) or point gesture. At test, children named taught referents and 2 exemplars of each taught object: shape similar and shape dissimilar. Naming accuracy and errors were analyzed between conditions. Results: The point condition never outperformed the shape or function conditions. In naming taught words, the shape condition was superior to the point condition, whereas the function condition was only marginally superior to the point condition. However, in naming untrained exemplars, only the shape condition was superior to the point condition, and there were fewer indeterminate errors in the shape condition. Conclusion: Semantic enrichment supports naming, but shape cues appear to be particularly effective in using words beyond just-taught referents. (Contains 1 table and 3 figures.)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://ajslp.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory