NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ998291
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1525-7401
The Effects of Age and Household Income on the Use of Literate Language Features
Lemmon, Regina D.; McDade, Hiram L.
Communication Disorders Quarterly, v34 n3 p144-151 May 2013
This study examined the use of literate language features (LLFs) in the oral narratives of African American and Caucasian American preschoolers residing in either low- or middle-income homes to determine whether differences existed as a result of age or household income. The oral narratives of 96 preschoolers enrolled in public school programs and early childhood centers (including Head Start) were analyzed for the frequency of usage of five literate language features (adverbs, conjunctions, mental and linguistic verbs, simple elaborated noun phrases, and complex elaborated noun phrases) as a function of age (3, 4, and 5 years) and household income (low and middle). Preschoolers' narratives did not differ in LLF types, but usage frequency increased for simple elaborated noun phrases and conjunctions. Preschoolers' narratives did not differ based on household income. (Contains 3 tables and 4 figures.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Developmental Indicators for the Assessment Learning