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ERIC Number: EJ998013
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jan
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0951-0893
Time Is of the Essence: Factors Encouraging Out-of-Class Study Time
Fukuda, Steve T.; Yoshida, Hiroshi
ELT Journal, v67 n1 p31-40 Jan 2013
Out-of-class study time is essential in students' language learning, but few studies in ELT measure out-of-class study time or investigate how teachers can encourage, rather than demand it. In Japan, out-of-class study time is lower than might be expected, ranging from zero to an hour per week. This study therefore sets out to establish those factors that can increase out-of-class study time without extrinsic motivators such as homework and testing. Results from self-reports and course evaluations suggest that (1) clear course aims, (2) strong student-teacher relationships, (3) non-threatening classroom environments, and (4) interactive classroom procedures boost out-of-class study time. Finally, we hope this study will become a catalyst for more in-depth discussion of how to facilitate more productive out-of-class study time, and ultimately students' attainment of higher proficiency in the target language.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan