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ERIC Number: EJ997666
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Cognitive Profile in Low, Medium and High Creative Students
Ferrando, Mercedes; Bermejo, Rosario; Sainz, Marta; Ferrandiz, Carmen; Prieto, Maria Dolores; Soto, Gloria
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v10 n3 p967-984 2012
Introduction: The aim of the present work is to advance in the study of creativity-intelligence relationship looking into the students' cognitive profiles. It is hypothesized that, if creative ideas emerge as result of connecting distant concepts, and a balanced cognitive profile (without significant differences between ability levels) can facilitate these distant connections; Then, creative individuals would be characterized by a balanced and flat cognitive profile; lacking valleys and peaks. It is hypothesized that, if creativity occurs as a result of relating distant concepts, a more balanced profile among cognitive abilities--a flat profile--could facilitate a loose relationship between concepts. Therefore, creative individuals would present a cognitive profile with less peaks and troughs. Method: 679 secondary students, aged between 12 and 17 years old (M = 13.86, SD = 1.25), took part in this study. The TTCT and the DAT-5 were used to assess participants' creativity and cognitive profile, respectively. Students were divided into three groups: those with low, average and high creativity. The cognitive profile of each group was analyzed searching for peaks. Results: Results point out that, contrary to our hypothesis, the cognitive profile of creative individuals is not different from their non-creative peers. Discussion and conclusions: It is possible that the hypothesis of a flatter cognitive profile of highly creative students does not work for a normal population, since students with lower intelligence also tend to show lower creativity. This hypothesis may be useful to explain differences in creativity in students with medium-high intelligence. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site: http://www.investigacion-psicopedagogica.org/revista/new/english/presentacion.php
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Differential Aptitude Test; Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking