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ERIC Number: EJ996700
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-0019-042X
Schematization and Sentence Processing by Foreign Language Learners: A Reading-Time Experiment and a Stimulated-Recall Analysis
Tode, Tomoko
International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (IRAL), v50 n3 p161-187 Aug 2012
This article examines how learners of English as a foreign language process reduced relative clauses (RRCs) from the perspective of usage-based language learning, which posits that language knowledge forms a hierarchy from item-based knowledge consisting only of entrenched frequent exemplars to more advanced schematized knowledge. Twenty-eight Japanese undergraduates provided phrase-by-phrase reading times for frequent and infrequent RRC exemplars. Immediately after the experiment, the participants also made stimulated-recall comments on their thought processes employed during sentence processing. Both the reading-time data and the stimulated-recall data show that the learners who comprehended infrequent exemplars as well as frequent exemplars had computed syntactic relationships at the key regions of the sentences in real time, and that those who could not comprehend infrequent exemplars had not. These results suggest that the former type of learners successfully activated the RRC schema while the latter learners failed to do so.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan