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ERIC Number: EJ995876
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-202X
When the Big Fish Turns Small: Effects of Participating in Gifted Summer Programs on Academic Self-Concepts
Dai, David Yun; Rinn, Anne N.; Tan, Xiaoyuan
Journal of Advanced Academics, v24 n1 p4-26 Feb 2013
The purposes of this study were to (a) examine the presence and prevalence of the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) in summer programs for the gifted, (b) identify group and individual difference variables that help predict those who are more susceptible to the BFLPE, and (c) put the possible BFLPE on academic self-concept in a larger context of self-concept stability and change during adolescence. Longitudinal data were gathered from adolescents participating in a summer program for the gifted over a 3-year period. The results indicate no prevalent patterns of declines in academic self-concepts after participating in summer programs, though suspected cases of BFLPE can be identified, and there was evidence pointing to the moderation of the BFLPE by gender and self-esteem. Longitudinal patterns of self-concept stability and change also show no consistent pattern of long-term effects on self-concept. Implications of these findings are discussed that highlight developmental, social, and individual conditions under which the BFLPE may exert itself and conditions under which it may be mitigated. (Contains 6 tables, 5 figures, and 1 note.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Description Questionnaire