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ERIC Number: EJ994477
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0021-8855
The Effects of Presession Attention on Subsequent Attention-Extinction and Alone Conditions
O'Reilly, Mark; Edrisinha, Chaturi; Sigafoos, Jeff; Lancioni, Giulio; Machalicek, Wendy; Antonucci, Massimo
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, v40 n4 p731-735 Win 2007
We examined the effects of presession levels of attention (no attention vs. continuous attention) during subsequent alone and attention-extinction conditions for an individual with severe disabilities and problem behavior. A prior functional analysis indicated that attention was a primary maintaining variable for problem behavior. Experimental control was demonstrated using a within-subject multielement design. Results indicated that presession conditions influenced responding, with higher levels of problem behavior occurring during alone and attention-extinction conditions when preceded by the no-attention presession condition. Overall, these results seem to support descriptions of the behavior-altering effects of the motivating operation (MO). Specifically, presession access seemed to influence behavior during the alone condition in which both discriminative and reinforcing stimuli were absent, suggesting a direct effect of the MO on the behavior. (Contains 1 figure.)
Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Available from: Department of Applied Behavioral Science. Kansas University, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045-2133. Tel: 785-841-4425; Fax: 785-841-4425; e-mail: behavior@mail.ku.edu; Web site: http://seab.envmed.rochester.edu/jaba/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childhood Autism Rating Scale; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales