ERIC Number: EJ994233
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
Service Learning in High School Biology and College Major Choice
Wyss, Vanessa L.; Tai, Robert H.
College Student Journal, v46 n2 p459-464 Jun 2012
In section two of a 2002 amendment on the Undergraduate Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Improvement Act, congress stated "A workforce that is highly trained in science...is crucial to generating the innovation that drives economic growth..." (Committee on Science, 2002). Given the growth in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) careers and the exodus of aging and highly skilled workers from these fields as projected by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), fulfilling this order is likely to be challenging. In 2005, The BLS projected that between 2004 and 2014, employers in the United States would be hiring 2.5 million STEM workers (BLS, 2005). Despite this looming deficit, some STEM fields in the United States are actually graduating fewer bachelor's degree students than 20 years ago (NSF, 2006). In 2004, 64,675 students earned engineering bachelor degrees compared to 76,153 in 1984. Bachelor's degrees in Physical sciences totaled 14,240 in 2004, while they reached 15,831 in 1984. This emphasizes the importance of increasing student interest in science in order to ensure we will be capable of filling the projected openings and maintaining competitive in the global market.
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Engineering Education, Biology, Physical Sciences, Student Interests, Technology Education, Employment Patterns, Service Learning, Economic Progress, Secondary School Science, College Science, Higher Education, STEM Education, Bachelors Degrees, Science Interests, Course Selection (Students), Undergraduate Students, Undergraduate Study, Scientific Attitudes, Mathematics Education, Science Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States