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ERIC Number: EJ993640
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-May
Pages: 14
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
Characteristics of the Teaching of Citizenship and Patriotism to Upper-Grade Students
Pronina, E. I.
Russian Education and Society, v54 n5 p77-90 May 2012
Adolescents develop a sense of citizenship through the influence of the institutions of their socialization--the family, the school, the mass media, and so on. In the past few years, these institutions, along with all of Russian society, have undergone a transition to a new phase by "shock therapy," which brought about crisis phenomena not only in the social and economic sphere but also in the spiritual and intellectual sphere. These had a notable impact on the formation of patriotic feelings, attitudes, civic self-awareness, and behavior, especially among youth. Traditional values broke down and the mechanism of the socialization of the generations was transformed, along with any continuity between them. Attempting to correct the situation, in July 2005 the government of the Russian Federation adopted the state program "The Patriotic Education of Citizens of the Russian Federation for 2006-10." To some extent, the document led to the upbringing function being brought back into schools, and stimulated researchers' interest in problems of teaching patriotism to young people in school and college. Researchers on problems of the socialization of young people say that until the aims of society have been formulated there can be no clear-cut social mandate to the institutions of socialization, including the schools. Schools and other social institutions find themselves in a situation of uncertainty and risk. Thus they are confining their functions to the most essential ones (in the case of schools, the transmission of knowledge). In the past few years studies provide evidence of a revival of the upbringing component in schools. There has been a gradual rethinking of the phenomenon of civic education. The activity of children's political organizations, which used to be engaged in the upbringing of the rising generation, has been depoliticized. Their removal from educational institutions requires that the content, forms, and methods of patriotic upbringing in the schools be revised and improved, and teachers trained how to do this work effectively. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.) [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia