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ERIC Number: EJ993636
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 20
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
Ecological Activism in Post-Soviet Russia and the Western World (A Comparative Analysis)
Usacheva, O. A.
Russian Education and Society, v54 n4 p78-93 Apr 2012
Ecological activism (henceforth ecoactivism) in Russia, a country with a predominant European culture, has common roots with the Europe of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A process of intensive industrialization and urbanization required that unspoiled, natural landscapes be preserved for rest, recreation, and ecological education. This gave birth to the idea of national parks, which was especially widespread in the United States. In Great Britain there was a garden cities movement, interrupted by World War I but revived by Soviet scientists and urbanists in the 1930s in the form of the "green city". There was an awareness of the need to preserve tracts of wild, primordial nature for scientific purposes as well as to train specialists in environmental protection. Thus was born the conception of protected territories (nature reserves and wildlife preserves). In spite of wars, famine, and other social disasters, the idea of creating nature preserves and, accordingly, the people who would study and protect them, became widespread in Russia/the Soviet Union. Even though in Russia, as in the West, the scientific intelligentsia were in the vanguard of the ecological movement and formed its ideology and practices, for a long time Russia remained a peasant country and it was easy for authorities to initiate the mass movement under the aegis of the All-Russian Society for the Protection of the Environment and recruit young people and ordinary citizens to take part in it. This article suggests that ecological activism in Russia is becoming more like that found in other countries, including such issues as: (1) interaction between the state and civic ecological organizations; (2) types and forms of activism; (3) activists' attitudes toward the population; and (4) the role of information technologies in the transnationalization of ecoactivism. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia