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ERIC Number: EJ993583
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Sep
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0742-7778
Patterns of Emoticon Usage in ESL Students' Discussion Forum Writing
Halvorsen, Andy
CALICO Journal, v29 n4 p694-717 Sep 2012
This mixed-methods study looks at patterns of emoticon usage in adult, ESL student writing. Data are drawn from 13 students and their participation in online discussion forums designed to supplement a traditional ESL writing course. The study conceptualizes computer mediated communication as a hybridized and emergent form which utilizes features of both oral and written discourse. Emoticons are seen as central to this hybridity in terms of their ability to serve as textual representations of oral discourse features. Findings from this study suggest that emoticon usage is prevalent in the writing of some non-native speakers of English but that usage patterns vary significantly across individuals. Previous experience with discussion forums in the first language as well as emoticon familiarity are identified as mediating factors in emoticon usage in English. The study also raises concerns about the multiple interpretations of emoticons and the possibilities for miscommunication and misunderstanding. (Contains 8 tables and 1 note.)
Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium. 214 Centennial Hall, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666. Tel: 512-245-1417; Fax: 512-245-9089; e-mail: Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Adult Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A