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ERIC Number: EJ993146
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Everyday Attention Failures: An Individual Differences Investigation
Unsworth, Nash; McMillan, Brittany D.; Brewer, Gene A.; Spillers, Gregory J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v38 n6 p1765-1772 Nov 2012
The present study examined individual differences in everyday attention failures. Undergraduate students completed various cognitive ability measures in the laboratory and recorded everyday attention failures in a diary over the course of a week. The majority of attention failures were failures of distraction or mind wandering in educational contexts (in class or while studying). Latent variable techniques were used to perform analyses, and the results suggested that individual differences in working memory capacity and attention control were related to some but not all everyday attention failures. Furthermore, everyday attention failures predicted SAT scores and partially accounted for the relation between cognitive abilities and SAT scores. These results provide important evidence for individual differences in everyday attention failures as well as for the ecological validity of laboratory measures of working memory capacity and attention control. (Contains 3 tables, 3 figures, and 2 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)