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ERIC Number: EJ992562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-1436-4522
A Comparison of Demonstration and Tutorials in Photo Editing Instruction
Akbiyik, Cenk
Educational Technology & Society, v15 n3 p298-309 2012
Throughout this study, tutorial and demonstration methods in photo editing instruction were compared. The instruction method was the independent variable of the study while cognitive load, state anxiety level, student performance, student achievement, and task duration were dependent variables. The research was conducted with 62 undergraduate students. The students in the tutorial group fulfilled the tasks following tutorials. Those in the demonstration group were first given a demonstration, and then were asked to perform the tasks. Results indicated that students from the demonstration group showed significantly better task performance and had significantly lower state anxiety levels than did the students in the tutorial group. Both groups were found to be equal in regard to achievement test scores, recall test scores, and task duration. Students tended to feel more anxious during the more difficult tasks. Both cognitive load and state anxiety levels were found to have lengthening effects on task duration. Both methods have their own strengths and weaknesses. The most important point in both methods emerged as instructor support. (Contains 9 tables and 3 charts.)
International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. Athabasca University, School of Computing & Information Systems, 1 University Drive, Athabasca, AB T9S 3A3, Canada. Tel: 780-675-6812; Fax: 780-675-6973; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey