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ERIC Number: EJ992495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-1366-5456
Praying for Change: The Ignatian Examen in the "Remedial" Classroom
Boehner, Joel
Journal of Education & Christian Belief, v16 n2 p215-227 2012
Contradictions abound in remedial higher education. While 40% of American undergraduate students take remedial coursework (Attewell et al., 2006), remediation represents just one percent of the national higher education budget (Handel & Williams, 2011). Furthermore, the status quo in remedial teaching and learning in American higher education does not appear to be successful at actually remediating students and aiding in their completion of degrees (Attewell et al., 2006). This essay argues for a more holistic approach to working with underprepared students than the all-too-common deficit-based approach allows for and presents a first-person practitioner's account of a reflective-thinking classroom ritual based on the spiritual discipline of the Ignatian Examen as a paradigmatic example of a holistic approach that accounts for the developmental as well as the sociopolitical realities of under-prepared students. The essay also identifies an amicable confluence of ideals and methods among Ignatian pedagogy, critical pedagogy, and liberation theology. (Contains 2 notes.)
Kuyers Institute for Christian Teaching and Learning. 3201 Burton Street SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49546. Tel: 616-526-7500; Fax: 616-526-7502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indiana