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ERIC Number: EJ992322
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-May
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0096-3445
Unconscious Addition: When We Unconsciously Initiate and Follow Arithmetic Rules
Ric, Francois; Muller, Dominique
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v141 n2 p222-226 May 2012
This research shows that people can unconsciously initiate and follow arithmetic rules (e.g., addition). Participants were asked to detect whether a symbol was a digit. This symbol was preceded by 2 digits and a subliminal instruction: "add" or a control instruction. Participants were faster at identifying a symbol as a number when the symbol was equal to the sum of the 2 digits and they received the instruction to add the digits, suggesting that people can unconsciously solve arithmetic problems. Experiments 2 and 3 replicate these findings and demonstrate that the underlying processes can operate when the to-be-added digits are not perceived consciously. Thus, the unconscious can do (at least simple) arithmetic, such as addition. (Contains 2 figures and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France