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ERIC Number: EJ991734
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-1533-015X
Can't See the Wood for the Litter: Evaluation of Litter Behavior Modification in a Forest
Lindemann-Matthies, Petra; Bonigk, Isabel; Benkowitz, Dorothee
Applied Environmental Education and Communication, v11 n2 p108-116 2012
This study investigated elementary school children's (n = 171) litter behavior during guided forest tours following two different treatments. Four classes received a verbal appeal not to litter in the forest, while another four classes received both a verbal appeal and a demonstration of the desired litter behavior (picking up litter, putting it in a bag) by their guide. On each day of observation, litter (ten pieces) was deliberately planted at a picnic place and litter collection behavior of children monitored. A combination of verbal appeal and demonstration more positively influenced children's litter behavior than the appeal alone. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures, and 2 footnotes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany