NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ991230
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1082-5754
Get Present: Build Community and Connectedness Online
Dikkers, Amy Garrett; Whiteside, Aimee; Lewis, Somer
Learning & Leading with Technology, v40 n2 p22-25 Sep-Oct 2012
The relationships teachers build with their students are key to their academic success. Despite their likes, dislikes, or academic achievements, students yearn to feel a sense of belonging, a connection to someone or something within schools and classrooms. Whether a learning environment is face to face or online, students want to feel present. But with the challenges of online learning and socialization, support, and other activities that contribute to a sense of belonging, a virtual teacher has to work harder to provide students with a cohesive environment and the social connections that foster academic success. The Social Presence Model provides a framework to establish increased social presence, or connectedness, among teachers and students for a more enriching educational experience. The authors define social presence as an integration of five key elements that motivate participants to take active roles in their own and their peers' online learning experiences: (1) Affective Association (AA); (2) Community Cohesion (CC); (3) Interaction Intensity (II); (4) Knowledge and Experience (KE); and (5) Instructor Involvement (IV). This article presents definitions and quick tips for building social presence online using these five elements of the Social Presence Model.
International Society for Technology in Education. 180 West 8th Avenue, Suite 300, Eugene, OR 97401-2916. Tel: 800-336-5191; Tel: 541-302-3777; Fax: 541-302-3778; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina