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ERIC Number: EJ990589
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2445
Transactional and Cascading Relations between Early Spanking and Children's Social-Emotional Development
Gromoske, Andrea N.; Maguire-Jack, Kathryn
Journal of Marriage and Family, v74 n5 p1054-1068 Oct 2012
The authors tested a series of models linking spanking and child social-emotional outcomes using a sample of 3,870 families from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study. Spanking was measured by the number of times the focal child was spanked by the mother at ages 1, 3, and 5. Internalizing and externalizing symptoms were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist at ages 3 and 5. Child emotionality was used to index child behavior at age 1. A series of nested transactional and cascade models was tested through structural equation modeling. The final model supported transactional effects between spanking and child externalizing behaviors over child ages 1, 3, and 5. In addition, one cascade effect was found: Spanking at age 1 was related to greater externalizing behavior at age 3, which was related to greater internalizing behavior at age 5. Implications for family theory and future research are discussed. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures, and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist