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ERIC Number: EJ990337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Life Orientation Test-Revised with Competitive Athletes
Appaneal, Renee N.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v83 n4 p592-596 Dec 2012
Current reviews outside of sport indicate that the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) items load on two separate factors (optimism and pessimism) and, therefore, should be treated as independent constructs. However, researchers in the sport sciences continue to use the single composite score reflecting a unidimensional definition of optimism. Hence, I sought to explicitly examine the factor structure of the LOT-R with athletes. Results of this study support the two-factor structure, which is consistent with accumulating evidence outside of sport and exercise science. This contribution is an important first step toward continued examination of this instrument and future work on the influence of optimism (versus pessimism) on sport and exercise behavior. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A