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ERIC Number: EJ989916
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 91
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1076-898X
The Role of Visual Speech Information in Supporting Perceptual Learning of Degraded Speech
Wayne, Rachel V.; Johnsrude, Ingrid S.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, v18 n4 p419-435 Dec 2012
Following cochlear implantation, hearing-impaired listeners must adapt to speech as heard through their prosthesis. Visual speech information (VSI; the lip and facial movements of speech) is typically available in everyday conversation. Here, we investigate whether learning to understand a popular auditory simulation of speech as transduced by a cochlear implant (noise-vocoded [NV] speech) is enhanced by the provision of VSI. Experiment 1 demonstrates that provision of VSI concurrently with a clear auditory form of an utterance as feedback after each NV utterance during training does not enhance learning over clear auditory feedback alone, suggesting that VSI does not play a special role in retuning of perceptual representations of speech. Experiment 2 demonstrates that provision of VSI concurrently with NV speech (a simulation of typical real-world experience) facilitates perceptual learning of NV speech, but only when an NV-only repetition of each utterance is presented after the composite NV/VSI form during training. Experiment 3 shows that this more efficient learning of NV speech is probably due to the additional listening effort required to comprehend the utterance when clear feedback is never provided and is not specifically due to the provision of VSI. Our results suggest that rehabilitation after cochlear implantation does not necessarily require naturalistic audiovisual input, but may be most effective when (a) training utterances are relatively intelligible (approximately 85% of words reported correctly during effortful listening), and (b) the individual has the opportunity to map what they know of an utterance's linguistic content onto the degraded form. (Contains 9 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada