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ERIC Number: EJ988508
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 9
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0007-1013
Redundancy Effect on Retention of Vocabulary Words Using Multimedia Presentation
Samur, Yavuz
British Journal of Educational Technology, v43 n6 pE166-E170 Nov 2012
This study was designed to examine the effect of the redundancy principle in a multimedia presentation constructed for foreign language vocabulary learning on undergraduate students' retention. The underlying hypothesis of this study is that when the students are exposed to the material in multiple ways through animation, concurrent narration, and concurrent text (ANT), the learning and the retention will have better results in foreign language learning. This small study is expected to contribute to the cognitive theory of multimedia learning literature in three ways. First, the study was conducted in an ecologically more valid environment than Mayer's experiments, because the experiment was done through authentic classroom experience. Unlike the experiments done in Mayer's cognitive laboratory, this study was done within regular classroom settings (Mayer et al., 2001). Classroom research is an important way to establish external validity of findings when using multimedia. Second, the study was done in a different content area, foreign language learning. It was suggested by Plass and Jones (2005, p. 483) that an area for future research is "the integration of second-language acquisition theory and cognitive theories of multimedia learning." Third, the study was conducted with non-Turkish speaking students, which is also another contribution to the literature on multimedia learning. Overall, the results show that adding on-screen text to a multimedia presentation with animation and narration helped students to learn new vocabulary in a previously unfamiliar foreign language (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A