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ERIC Number: EJ987171
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2933
Historical Psychology and the Milgram Paradigm: Tests of an Experimentally Derived Model of Defiance Using Accounts of Massacres by Nazi Reserve Police Battalion 101
Navarick, Douglas J.
Psychological Record, v62 n1 p133-154 Win 2012
In Milgram's (1963, 1965a, 1965b, 1974/2004) experiments on destructive obedience, an authority figure repeatedly ordered a resistant participant to deliver what seemed to be increasingly painful shocks to a confederate victim who demanded to be released. A three- stage behavioral model (aversive conditioning of contextual stimuli, emergence of a decision point, and a choice between immediate and delayed reinforcers) proposes that participants withdraw to escape personal distress rather than to help the victim. The model explains significant details in accounts of the 1942 massacres of some 3,200 Jewish civilians at Jozefow and Lomazy, Poland, by Nazi Reserve Police Battalion 101. The use of historical analyses to test nomothetic psychological theories offers unique opportunities for advancing understanding of destructive obedience. (Contains 2 tables.)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Mailcode 4609, Rehabilitation Institute, Carbondale, IL 62901-4609. Tel: 618-536-7704; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland