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ERIC Number: EJ987169
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2933
Interdependency between Risk Assessments for Self and Other in the Field of Comparative Optimism: The Contribution of Response Times
Spitzenstetter, Florence; Schimchowitsch, Sarah
Psychological Record, v62 n1 p115-123 Win 2012
By introducing a response-time measure in the field of comparative optimism, this study was designed to explore how people estimate risk to self and others depending on the evaluation order (self/other or other/self). Our results show the interdependency between self and other answers. Indeed, while response time for risk assessment for the self does not vary depending on the evaluation order, assessment for an average other takes longer in the other/self than in the self/other order. Thus, prior self-estimate appears to facilitate the construction of subsequent risk estimates for others. Our data indicate that the two evaluation orders do not correspond to strictly equivalent procedures; the other/self order requires extra cognitive effort and leads to greater comparative optimism levels. These findings should alert researchers that the measurement procedures, classically considered as interchangeable in the area of comparative optimism, actually generate different ways to construct the answers. Our results are discussed in terms of anchoring and asymmetry effects. (Contains 3 tables and 1 footnote.)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Mailcode 4609, Rehabilitation Institute, Carbondale, IL 62901-4609. Tel: 618-536-7704; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France