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ERIC Number: EJ986996
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Associations between Whole-Grain Intake, Psychosocial Variables, and Home Availability among Elementary School Children
Rosen, Renee A.; Burgess-Champoux, Teri L.; Marquart, Len; Reicks, Marla M.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v44 n6 p628-633 Nov-Dec 2012
Objective: Develop, refine, and test psychosocial scales for associations with whole-grain intake. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a Minneapolis/St. Paul suburban elementary school with children in fourth through sixth grades (n = 98) and their parents (n = 76). Variables of interest were child whole-grain intake, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, preferences, knowledge regarding whole-grain food, and whole-grain availability at home. Correlation analysis and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze data. Results: Internal consistency and test-retest correlation coefficients for child psychosocial scales were modest or acceptable (alpha = 0.55-0.70). Parents reported a mean of 15 plus or minus 7 whole-grain products available at home. Child mean daily intake of total grain was about 8 servings, and intake of products containing whole grain was slightly over 2 servings. Reported home availability and refined-grain intake were significantly related to whole-grain intake, whereas psychosocial variables were not. Conclusions and Implications: Home availability may be a more important variable associated with whole-grain intake than psychosocial variables. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota