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ERIC Number: EJ984686
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-1074-1917
Documenting the Undocumented: A Review of the United States' First Municipal ID Program
Lagunes, Paul F.; Levin, Brian M.; Ditlmann, Ruth K.
Harvard Journal of Hispanic Policy, v24 p43-62 2011-2012
The City of New Haven, CT, sought to promote the assimilation of its immigrants by becoming the first American city to provide a government-backed ID, the Elm City Resident Card, to all residents. This article tests the policy's effectiveness in commerce. We find that Hispanics/Latinos are asked to present an ID more than Whites/Anglos, showing that the former are in greater need of documentation, regardless of their citizenship status. When a Hispanic/Latino presented the Elm City Resident Card to a cashier, it fared only as well as an unofficial ID. Thus, we conclude that the card has negligible utility as a form of documentation. (Contains 3 tables and 6 figures.)
John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Tel: 617-496-0320; Fax: 617-384-9555; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Connecticut