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ERIC Number: EJ984525
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-1756-1108
Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Student Knowledge Gains for Chemical and Physical Change for Grades 6-8
Christian, Brittany N.; Yezierski, Ellen J.
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v13 n3 p384-393 2012
Teachers tend to instruct topically, which requires the student to use multiple and interconnected concepts to succeed in each instructional unit. Therefore, it is beneficial to combine research on related concepts to form topic driven instruments to better assist teachers in assessing and instructing students. Chemical and physical change as a topic is often students' first introduction to chemical reactions; however, understanding the distinction is contingent upon a host of advanced ideas. As such, chemical and physical change is best evaluated with a strong emphasis on particle properties and behavior. To date, there was no instrument specifically designed for grades 6-8 (ages 11-14) that focused on the topic of chemical and physical change including its underlying conceptions such as the particulate nature of matter. By making use of well-designed and tested items from previously published research and item repositories, the chemical and physical change assessment (CPCA) was designed to translate findings from research to a practical and classroom-ready assessment. The CPCA went through two versions to result in a 19-item assessment that has generated valid and reliable data to date. Revisions to the assessment were driven by psychometric properties of the items as well as student validation interviews. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
Royal Society of Chemistry. Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WF, UK. Tel: +44-1223 420066; Fax: +44-1223 423623; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A