ERIC Number: EJ984109
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Shared-Reading Dynamics: Mothers' Question Use and the Verbal Participation of Children with Specific Language Impairment
McGinty, Anita S.; Justice, Laura M.; Zucker, Tricia A.; Gosse, Carolyn; Skibbe, Lori E.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v55 n4 p1039-1052 Aug 2012
Purpose: In this study, the authors used sequential analysis to explore bidirectional and dynamic dependencies between mothers' question use and children's verbal participation during shared reading. Method: The sample was composed of mothers and their preschool-age children with specific language impairment (SLI; n = 14). Each mother and child extratextual utterance was transcribed and coded. Mother utterances were coded as "questions" or "other"; in turn, questions were coded for cognitive challenge and topic directiveness. Child utterances were coded as "verbal participation" (related to the book) or "other"; utterances designated as verbal participation were also coded for level of production (minimal, low, high) on the basis of their mean length of utterance. Results: Descriptive data show variability in mothers' question use and some variability in the level of children's verbal participation during shared reading. However, mothers' question use did not facilitate higher levels of verbal participation by children. Furthermore, the level of children's verbal participation did not influence the cognitive challenge and topic directiveness of mothers' question use. Conclusions: The findings were contrary to hypotheses and collectively suggest potentially unique and challenging verbal dynamics between mothers and their young children with SLI during shared-reading experiences. Future directions for research are discussed.
Descriptors: Mothers, Questioning Techniques, Preschool Children, Language Impairments, Reading Aloud to Others, Verbal Communication, Parent Child Relationship
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Mean Length of Utterance