ERIC Number: EJ983729
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Service Development for Intellectual Disability Mental Health: A Human Rights Approach
Evans, E.; Howlett, S.; Kremser, T.; Simpson, J.; Kayess, R.; Trollor, J.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v56 n11 p1098-1109 Nov 2012
Background: People with intellectual disability (ID) experience higher rates of major mental disorders than their non-ID peers, but in many countries have difficulty accessing appropriate mental health services. The aim of this paper is to review the current state of mental health services for people with ID using Australia as a case example, and critically appraise whether such services currently meet the standards set by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Methods: The literature regarding the current state of mental health services for people with ID was reviewed, with a particular focus on Australia. Results: The review highlighted a number of issues to be addressed to meet the mental health needs of people with ID to ensure that their human rights are upheld like those of all other citizens. Many of the barriers to service provision encountered in Australia are likely also to be relevant to other nations, including the culture of division between disability and mental health services, the inadequate training of both disability and mental health workers in ID mental health, and the lack of relevant epidemiological data. None of these barriers are insurmountable. Conclusions: Recommendations are made for adopting a human rights-based approach towards the development and provision of mental health services for people with ID. These include improved policy with measurable outcomes, improved service access via clear referral pathways and the sharing of resources across disability and mental health services, and improved service delivery through training and education initiatives for both the mental health and disability workforce.
Descriptors: Health Needs, Health Services, Mental Health, Mental Disorders, Foreign Countries, Mental Retardation, Mental Health Workers, Mental Health Programs, Civil Rights, Barriers, Referral, Public Policy, Labor Force, Health Personnel
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia