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ERIC Number: EJ983500
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 17
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1533-8916
Large-Scale Economic Change and Youth Development: The Case of Urban China
Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Way, Niobe; Chen, Xinyin
New Directions for Youth Development, n135 p39-55 Aut 2012
Social ecological and dynamic systems theories propose that human development is shaped by the cumulative impact of social interactions in proximal and distal settings, which are themselves influenced by social and economic forces. The understanding of the links between microsystem-level factors (such as parenting styles and parent-child relationships) and youth development in the context of large-scale economic change, however, is limited. Developmental studies rarely link indicators of economic change, microsystem characteristics, and child development across large-scale economic transitions. Furthermore, there has been a notable lack of research examining microsystem characteristics and youth development in the context of economic factors outside the United States, even though U.S. youth represent only 4 percent of the world's adolescents. China is an important context in which to examine the effects of large-scale economic change on youth. The nation encompasses about 20 percent of the world's youth and presents one of the most dramatic economic transitions of the past fifty years. Over the past two decades, China has moved from being a primarily agrarian society with a command economy dominated by state-owned enterprises to one that is increasingly urban, market oriented, and dominated by state, private, and foreign enterprises. For this reason, it is an ideal context within which to examine the effects of economic change on microsystem processes such as family and peers and youth development. The authors present a conceptual model for how economic changes in China may be affecting both microsystem processes and youth development, with empirical illustrations from an ongoing study of child and youth development in the city of Nanjing. (Contains 1 table and 43 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China