ERIC Number: EJ980688
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
The Differences in Scores and Self-Efficacy by Student Gender in Mathematics and Science
Louis, Rachel A.; Mistele, Jean M.
International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v10 n5 p1163-1190 Oct 2012
Typically, mathematics and science are seen as linked together, where both subjects involve numbers, critical thinking, and problem solving. Our study aims to develop a better understanding of the connections between student's achievement scores in mathematics and science, student gender, and self-efficacy. We used the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2007 eighth grade data to answer our research questions and were able to demonstrate that when controlling for self-efficacy, there is a statistically significant difference in the achievement scores between males and females by subject, where females score higher Algebra, but males score higher in the other mathematics subjects. Likewise, we were also able to demonstrate that there is a statistically significant difference in the achievement scores in Earth Science, Physics, and Biology, between males and females where males score higher in science subjects. In both mathematics and science examinations, we controlled for self-efficacy where in mathematics females hold lower self-efficacy then males and in science there is no difference between females and males in terms of self-efficacy. We conjecture that mathematics and science classrooms that consider self-efficacy may impact student's achievement scores by subject, which can ultimately impact career choices in mathematics- and science-based fields.
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Females, Self Efficacy, Earth Science, Males, Classrooms, Grade 8, Gender Differences, Scores, Mathematics Achievement, Statistical Significance, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Physics, Biology, Career Choice
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study