ERIC Number: EJ980684
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
Number Sense-Based Strategies Used by High-Achieving Sixth Grade Students Who Experienced Reform Textbooks
Alsawaie, Othman N.
International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v10 n5 p1071-1097 Oct 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore strategies used by high-achieving 6th grade students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to solve basic arithmetic problems involving number sense. The sample for the study consisted of 15 high-achieving boys and 15 high-achieving girls in grade 6 from 2 schools in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE. Data for the study were collected through individual interviews in which students were presented with 10 basic problems. The results showed that a low percentage of solutions involved aspects of number sense such as appropriate use of benchmarks; using numbers flexibly when mentally computing, estimating, and judging reasonableness of results; understanding relative effect of operations; and decomposing or recomposing numbers to solve problems. It was also found that students were highly dependent on school-taught rules. In many cases, these rules were confused and misused.
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Arithmetic, Grade 6, Textbooks, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Middle School Students, Number Concepts, Interviews, Thinking Skills, Computation
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Arab Emirates